Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2003
Texas residents had more babies in 2003 (377,374)
than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The
crude birth rate of 17.1 births per 1,000 population is the same as it was in
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care
in the first trimester was 81.3, up from 80.5 in 2002. In 2003, 99.3 percent of
Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 94.5
percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section
deliveries increased from 28.4 percent in 2002 to 30.7 percent in 2003.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in
Texas in 2003 was 77.2 years. A male infant born in 2003 could expect to live
74.5 years while a female infant could expect to live 79.8 years. Female infants
had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2003
was 154,501. This was a 0.5 percent decrease in total deaths over 2002, when
there were 155,336. The 2003 crude death rate decreased to 7.0 deaths per 1,000
estimated population. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess
of resident births over resident deaths, was 222,873.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Bureau of Vital
Statistics implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of
Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains
the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially
explain changes in other causes of death.
Heart disease claimed 41,654 lives and continued
to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 33,782 deaths.
Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 10,286 deaths, and accidents ranked
fourth with 8,341 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower
respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 7,548 deaths.
These five leading causes were responsible for 65.8 percent of Texas resident
deaths in 2003.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were:
diabetes mellitus, 5,663 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 4,012 deaths; influenza
and pneumonia, 3,603 deaths; nephritis and related diseases, with 2,671 deaths;
and suicide, 2,355 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 77.6
percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths increased from
2,369 in 2002 to 2,483 in 2003. The infant mortality rate also increased, from
6.4 in 2002 to 6.6 in 2003.
The number of fetal deaths decreased from 2,277
in 2002 to 2,258 in 2003. The fetal death ratio decreased from 6.1 in 2002 to
6.0 in 2003.
There were 76,019 induced terminations of
pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2003. This is a 0.3 percent
decrease from 2002, when Texas residents obtained 76,278 abortions. The abortion
rate decreased from 15.6 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2002 to 15.4 in
2003. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion
decreased from 2002 to 2003. The 2003 abortion ratio of 201.4 induced abortions
per 1,000 live births was down from 204.8 in 2002. The percentage of all
reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among
Texas residents resulting in abortion decreased slightly from 16.9 percent in
2002 to 16.7 in 2003.
There were 178,751 marriages in 2003 compared to
181,990 in 2002. The number of divorces decreased from 85,394 in 2002 to 84,316
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations
provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are
classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified
by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by
county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by
county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by
the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to
residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which
occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are
included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and
knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange
in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.