The Texas Newborn
Screening (NBS) Laboratory tests nearly 800,000 specimens each year. Texas law
(Health and Safety Code, Chapter 33) requires these laboratory tests to help
find infants who may have one of 53 disorders or medical conditions.
treating these disorders early can prevent serious complications, such as
growth problems, developmental delays, deafness, blindness, intellectual
disabilities, seizures, and sudden or early death.
The Newborn Screening tests require a simple heel stick blood sample
collected from newborns one to two days after birth. A second sample is
collected when the baby is one to two weeks of age. If the result for one of
the laboratory tests is outside of the expected range, the NBS Program's Clinical Care Coordination Group will
immediately begin follow-up with a healthcare provider. Two point of care screens are also conducted at the birthing facility.