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    Texas Asthma Control Program
    MC 1945
    PO Box 149347 Austin, Texas 78714-9347
    1100 W. 49th Street, RM T-402.8
    Austin, TX 78756

    Phone: (512) 776-2710
    Fax: (512) 458-7254


    Email the Texas Asthma Program

Glossary

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Allergen

A substance that causes an allergic reaction.

Allergic Asthma

Asthma caused by exposure to an allergen, such as pet dander, pollen or some types of food.

Alveoli

Tiny grape-like sacs where gas exchange (oxygen and carbon dioxide) takes place in the lungs.

Asthma Action Plan

A written set of instructions that tells you how to prevent asthma symptoms and what to do if symptoms occur and get worse.

Bronchial Tubes/Bronchi

Airways leading to and from your lungs that let air in and out so you can breathe.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is the production of increased mucus caused by inflammation of the airways.

Bronchoconstriction

Narrowing of the airways due to tightening of the muscles surrounding the airways.

Bronchodilator

Long-term control medicine that makes the airways wider by relaxing the smooth muscle around the airways.

Chronic

Lasts a long time and is always present.

Constriction

Narrowing, squeezing, compressing together.

Current Asthma

Bronchial hyperresponsiveness within the last year.

Emphysema

A condition where the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, making it increasingly difficult to breathe.

Environmental

The circumstances, objects and conditions by which one is surrounded.

Exacerbation

Worsening; increase in severity.

Exercise-induced Asthma

When asthma symptoms occur or worsen during or after physical activity.

Genetic

Hereditary; passed from parent to child.

Hyperresponsive

Showing a greater than normal response when exposed to a substance.

Inflamed/Inflammation

Swelling, tenderness, redness.

Intervention

An activity undertaken to improve the health status of a population.

Irritant

A substance that causes a response, such as inflammation.

Lifetime Asthma

Having been diagnosed with asthma at any point in one’s life.

Long-term Control Medicine or Controller Medication

Daily medication taken to control symptoms and prevent asthma attacks.

Nebulizer

A device used to produce a fine spray of liquid medication for deep penetration into the lungs.  

Occupational Asthma

When asthma symptoms are caused by or worsened by breathing in a workplace substance, such as chemical fumes, gases or dust.

Partnership

Two or more individuals or groups who agree to work together to achieve a common set of goals, usually within a formal structure.

Peak Airflow

A measure of how well you can blow air out of your lungs.

Quick-relief or Rescue Medicine

Asthma medicine that acts quickly, but only for a short- time, to relieve asthma symptoms that have already started.

Seasonal Asthma

When asthma symptoms are worse at particular times of the year, such as winter or summer.

Self-management

Learning and applying knowledge and skills to prevent, monitor and control symptoms.

Spirometer

An instrument that measures the maximum volume of air you can exhale after breathing in as much as you can.

Spirometry

Test for diagnosing asthma.

Surveillance

The systematic collection, analysis and dissemination of data.

Symptom

A characteristic sign or indication of the existence of a disorder or disease.

Trigger

Anything that brings on (asthma) symptoms.

Trigger Test

An evaluation tool where a patient is exposed to a substance that will cause asthma symptoms if the patient has asthma.

Last updated January 22, 2014