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Census 2010

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Texas Census 2010 Population

In January 2011, the first set of Census 2010 data products for Texas was released, which represents the Texas resident population on April 1, 2010. Population data are available on this site by race/ethnicity, age, gender, and geographic area (county or larger). All tables that include race/ethnicity use 4 groups, although 2010 marked the move to a new category definition, from a mixed multi-race categories (MMRC) definition to a single multi-race category (SMRC) definition. Both category definitions use Hispanic origin as the sole definition of the "Hispanic" group, although they differ in the categorization of non-Hispanic multi-race.  The MMRC definition categorizes multi-race based on a hierarchy of categories while the SMRC definition reapportions all multi-race into the "Other" category. Please see the FAQ section on race/ethnicity groups for more information. 2010 population is available using both category definitions.

Changes in Texas

Texas added 4,293,741 residents between April 1, 2000 and April 1, 2010. The state added almost the entire population of Kentucky (4,339,367) to its population in the last decade. The Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos MSA was the eighth fastest growing metropolitan area in the country. In Texas, only the Wichita Falls MSA declined in population. 79 counties in Texas had a population decline from 2000-2010. 22 counties experienced declines in population of more than 10% between 2000 and 2010.

The percentage of the Texas population living in metropolitan areas increased from 86.1% in 2000 to 87.8% in 2010. The ten most populous counties in Texas comprise 58.1% of the state population. Harris County, the state's most populous county, comprises 16.3% of the total state population.

Between 2000 and 2010 all races and ethnicities grew in total population, but the Anglo population grew the slowest at 4.4%. As a result, the Anglo population as a percentage of the total population declined from 53.1% in 2000 to 46.0% in 2010. The Hispanic ethnicity was the fastest growing group in Texas with 2,791,255 new residents. Reversing a one-hundred year decline, the Black population increased as a percentage of the Texas population from 11.6% in 2000 to 11.9% in 2010.

For comparability, all tables below use 2000 strata definitions.

 

Texas Population Change by Area, 2000-2010
Area Census 2000 Census 2010 Population Change Population Change (%)
Texas 20,851,820 25,145,561 4,293,741 20.6%
Metro Counties 17,944,548 22,085,169 4,140,621 23.1%
Non-Metro Counties 2,907,272 3,060,392 153,120 5.3%
Region 1 780,733 839,586 58,853 7.5%
Region 2 549,267 550,250 983 0.2%
Region 3 5,487,477 6,733,179 1,245,702 22.7%
Region 4 1,015,648 1,111,696 96,048 9.5%
Region 5 740,952 767,222 26,270 3.5%
Region 6 4,854,454 6,087,133 1,232,679 25.4%
Region 7 2,309,972 2,948,364 638,392 27.6%
Region 8 2,146,154 2,604,647 458,493 21.4%
Region 9 524,884 571,871 46,987 9.0%
Region 10 704,318 825,913 121,595 17.3%
Region 11 1,737,961 2,105,700 367,739 21.2%
Border Area (15) 1,981,624 2,459,647 478,023 24.1%
Non-Border Area (15) 18,870,196 22,685,914 3,815,718 20.2%
Border Area (32) 2,125,464 2,602,102 476,638 22.4%
Non-Border Area (32) 18,726,356 22,543,459 3,817,103 20.4%
Border Region (43) 4,126,060 4,971,966 845,906 20.5%
Non-Border Region (43) 16,725,760 20,173,595 3,447,835 20.6%
TxLa Border Area 783,324 860,368 77,044 9.8%
Non-TxLa Border Area 20,068,496 24,285,193 4,216,697 21.0%
NCHS Large Central Metro 9,270,907 11,008,671 1,737,764 18.7%
NCHS Fringe Metro 3,567,510 5,168,699 1,601,189 44.9%
NCHS Medium Metro 2,953,096 3,488,756 535,660 18.1%
NCHS Small Metro 2,153,035 2,419,043 266,008 12.4%
NCHS Micropolitan 1,520,819 1,622,105 101,286 6.7%
NCHS Noncore 1,386,453 1,438,287 51,834 3.7%

 

 

Population Growth by Metropolitan Area, 2000-2010
Area Census 2000 Census 2010 Population Change Population Change (%)
Abilene MSA 160,245 165,252 5,007 3.1%
Amarillo MSA 226,522 249,881 23,359 10.3%
Austin-Round Rock MSA 1,249,763 1,716,289 466,526 37.3%
Beaumont-Port Arthur MSA 385,090 388,745 3,655 0.9%
Brownsville-Harlingen MSA 335,227 406,220 70,993 21.2%
College Station-Bryan MSA 184,885 228,660 43,775 23.7%
Corpus Christi MSA 403,280 428,185 24,905 6.2%
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington MSA 5,161,544 6,371,773 1,210,229 23.4%
Dallas-Plano-Irving Metropolitan Division 3,451,226 4,235,751 784,525 22.7%
Fort Worth-Arlington Metropolitan Division 1,710,318 2,136,022 425,704 24.9%
El Paso MSA 679,622 800,647 121,025 17.8%
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown MSA 4,715,407 5,946,800 1,231,393 26.1%
Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood MSA 330,714 405,300 74,586 22.6%
Laredo MSA 193,117 250,304 57,187 29.6%
Longview MSA 194,042 214,369 20,327 10.5%
Lubbock MSA 249,700 284,890 35,190 14.1%
McAllen-Edinburg-Mission MSA 569,463 774,769 205,306 36.1%
Midland MSA 116,009 136,872 20,863 18.0%
Odessa MSA 121,123 137,130 16,007 13.2%
San Angelo MSA 105,781 111,823 6,042 5.7%
San Antonio MSA 1,711,703 2,142,508 430,805 25.2%
Sherman-Denison MSA 110,595 120,877 10,282 9.3%
Texarkana MSA 89,306 92,565 3,259 3.6%
Tyler MSA 174,706 209,714 35,008 20.0%
Victoria MSA 111,663 115,384 3,721 3.3%
Waco MSA 213,517 234,906 21,389 10.0%
Wichita Falls MSA 151,524 151,306 -218 -0.1%

 

 

Growth by Race/Ethnicity (2000-2010)
Race/Ethnicity Census 2000 Percentage of 2000 Population Census 2010 Percentage of 2010 Population Growth in Population Growth (%)
Anglo 11,074,716 53.1% 11,561,748 46.0% 487,032 4.4%
Hispanic 6,669,666 32.0% 9,460,921 37.6% 2,791,255 41.8%
Black 2,421,653 11.6% 3,004,600 11.9% 582,947 24.1%
Other 685,785 3.3% 1,118,292 4.4% 432,507 63.1%
Total 20,851,820 100.0% 25,145,561 100.0% 4,293,741 20.6%

 

 

Counties with Largest Population Loss by Percent Change, 2000-2010
Rank County 2000 Population 2010 Population Change Change (%)
1 Cottle 1,904 1,505 -399 -21.0%
2 King 356 286 -70 -19.7%
3 Culberson 2,975 2,398 -577 -19.4%
4 Sterling 1,393 1,143 -250 -17.9%
5 Foard 1,622 1,336 -286 -17.6%
6 Floyd 7,771 6,446 -1,325 -17.1%
7 McMullen 851 707 -144 -16.9%
8 Cochran 3,730 3,127 -603 -16.2%
9 Motley 1,426 1,210 -216 -15.1%
10 Crosby 7,072 6,059 -1,013 -14.3%

 

 

Counties with Largest Population Gain by Percent Change, 2000-2010
Rank County 2000 Population 2010 Population Change Change (%)
1 Rockwall 43,080 78,337 35,257 81.8%
2 Williamson 249,967 422,679 172,712 69.1%
3 Fort Bend 354,452 585,375 230,923 65.1%
4 Hays 97,589 157,107 59,518 61.0%
5 Collin 491,675 782,341 290,666 59.1%
6 Montgomery 293,768 455,746 161,978 55.1%
7 Denton 432,976 662,614 229,638 53.0%
8 Guadalupe 89,023 131,533 42,510 47.8%
9 Kaufman 71,313 103,350 32,037 44.9%
10 Kendall 23,743 33,410 9,667 40.7%

 

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Last updated March 27, 2014