Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2006
In 2003, HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson approved the revision to the US Standard Certificates of Birth, Death, and Fetal Death and encouraged all states to adopt them. The process involved in this revision, as well as details of what was revised, can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/vital_certs_rev.htm. Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous revisions.
In 2005, Texas adopted the new US Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The new US Standard Certificates of Death and Fetal Death were implemented in 2006 in Texas.
Texas residents had more babies in 2006 (399,309) than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The crude birth rate of 17.0 births per 1,000 population is higher than it was in 2005.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 61.0. This figure is not directly comparable to previous years due to the implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (Source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/TechApp04.pdf). In 2006, 99.2 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 95.8 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 32.6 percent in 2005 to 33.2 percent in 2006.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2006 was 77.7 years. A male infant born in 2006 could expect to live 75.2 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.1 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2006 was 156,525. This was a 0.4 percent increase in total deaths over 2005, when there were 155,924. The 2006 crude death rate of 6.7 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was slightly lower than it was in 2005. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 242,784.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
Heart disease claimed 38,487 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 34,776 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 9,332 deaths, and accidents ranked fourth with 9,006 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 7,599 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 63.4 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2006.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: diabetes mellitus, 5,180 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 4,880 deaths; influenza and pneumonia, 3,325 deaths; nephritis and related diseases, with 2,967 deaths; and septicemia, 2,649 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 75.5 percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths decreased from 2,515 in 2005 to 2,476 in 2006. The infant mortality rate also decreased, 6.5 in 2005 to 6.2 in 2006.
The number of fetal deaths increased from 2,297 in 2005 to 2,382 in 2006. The fetal death ratio held steady at 6.0.
There were 79,041 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2006. This is a 6.2 percent increase from 2005, when Texas residents obtained 74,399 abortions. The abortion rate increased from 14.8 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2005 to 15.4 in 2006. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion increased from 2005 to 2006. The 2006 abortion ratio of 197.9 induced abortions per 1,000 live births was up from 193.0 in 2005. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion increased from 16.1 in 2005 to 16.4 in 2006.
There were 178,115 marriages in 2006 compared to 176,768 marriages in 2005. The number of divorces increased from 75,980 in 2005 to 79,469 in 2006.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.
2006 Annual Report Table of Contents
Annual Reports for Other Years
Center for Health Statistics