Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2001
Texas residents had more babies in 2001 (365,092) than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The crude birth rate was 17.2 births per 1,000 population in 2001 compared to 17.9 in 2000.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 80.3, up from 78.8 in 2000. In 2001, 99.2 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 94.5 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 25.3 percent in 2000 to 26.7 percent in 2001.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2001 was 76.8 years. A male infant born in 2001 could expect to live 74.0 years while a female infant could expect to live 79.6 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2001 was 152,526. This was a 1.8 percent increase in total deaths over 2000, when there were 149,763. The 2001 crude death rate decreased to 7.2 deaths per 1,000 estimated population. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 212,566.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Bureau of Vital Statistics implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
Heart disease claimed 43,100 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 33,437 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 10,596 deaths, and accidents ranked fourth with 7,854 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 7,735 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 67.3 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2001.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: diabetes mellitus, 5,445 deaths; influenza and pneumonia, 3,597 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 3,436 deaths; nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis, 2,268 deaths; and suicide, with 2,214 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 78.5 percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths increased from 2,064 in 2000 to 2,181 in 2001. The infant mortality rate (IMR) also increased, from 5.7 in 2000 to 6.0 in 2001.
The number of fetal deaths increased from 2,150 in 2000 to 2,315 in 2001. The fetal death ratio increased from 5.9 in 2000 to 6.3 in 2001.
There were 74,101 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2001. This is a 1.3 percent increase from 2000, when Texas residents obtained 73,155 abortions. The abortion rate dropped from 15.8 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2000 to 15.5 in 2001. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion increased from 2000 to 2001. The 2001 abortion ratio 203.0, up from 201.3 in 2000. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion increased slightly from 16.7 percent in 2000 to 16.8 in 2001.
There were 191,801 marriages in 2001 compared to 182,327 in 2000. The number of divorces increased from 81,774 in 2000 to 83,473 in 2001.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.
2001 Annual Report Table of Contents
Annual Reports for Other Years
Center for Health Statistics