Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2004
Texas residents had more babies in 2004 (381,441) than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The crude birth rate of 17.0 births per 1,000 population is lower than it was in 2003.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 81.8, up from 81.3 in 2003. In 2004, 99.3 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 94.4 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 30.7 percent in 2003 to 31.9 percent in 2004.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2004 was 77.4 years. A male infant born in 2004 could expect to live 74.8 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.0 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2004 was 152,374. This was a 1.4 percent decrease in total deaths over 2003, when there were 154,501. The 2004 crude death rate decreased to 6.8 deaths per 1,000 estimated population. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 229,067.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
Heart disease claimed 40,091 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 33,836 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 9,831 deaths, and accidents ranked fourth with 8,270 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 7,387 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 65.2 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2004.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: diabetes mellitus, 5,426 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 4,331 deaths; influenza and pneumonia, 3,198 deaths; nephritis and related diseases, with 2,557 deaths; and septicemia, 2,420 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 77.0 percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths decreased from 2,483 in 2003 to 2,398 in 2004. The infant mortality rate also decreased, 6.6 in 2003 to 6.3 in 2004.
The number of fetal deaths increased from 2,258 in 2003 to 2,286 in 2004. The fetal death ratio held steady at 6.0.
There were 72,441 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2004. This is a 4.7 percent decrease from 2003, when Texas residents obtained 76,019 abortions. The abortion rate decreased from 15.4 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2003 to 14.6 in 2004. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion decreased from 2003 to 2004. The 2004 abortion ratio of 189.9 induced abortions per 1,000 live births was down from 201.4 in 2003. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion decreased from 16.7 in 2003 to 15.9 in 2004.
There were 178,511 marriages in 2004 compared to 178,751 marriages in 2003. The number of divorces decreased from 84,316 in 2003 to 81,324 in 2004.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.
2004 Annual Report Table of Contents
Annual Reports for Previous Years
Center for Health Statistics