Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2005
Texas adopted the new US Standard Certificate of Live Birth in 2005. This revision included changes to items such as onset of prenatal care, maternal smoking history, race/ethnicity etc. Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous revisions.
Texas residents had more babies in 2005 (385,537) than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The crude birth rate of 16.9 births per 1,000 population is lower than it was in 2004.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 63.7. This figure is not directly comparable to previous years due to the implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (Source: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/TechApp04.pdf). In 2005, 99.3 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 96.1 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 31.9 percent in 2004 to 32.6 percent in 2005.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2005 was 77.5 years. A male infant born in 2005 could expect to live 74.9 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.1 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2005 was 155,924. This was a 2.3 percent increase in total deaths over 2004, when there were 152,374. The 2005 crude death rate of 6.8 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was the same as it was in 2004. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 229,613.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
Heart disease claimed 39,996 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 34,197 deaths. Cerebrovascular diseases ranked third with 9,342 deaths, and accidents ranked fourth with 8,504 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 7,962 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 64.1 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2005.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: diabetes mellitus, 5,593 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 4,612 deaths; influenza and pneumonia, 3,637 deaths; nephritis and related diseases, with 2,697 deaths; and septicemia, 2,539 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 76.4 percent of deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths increased from 2,398 in 2004 to 2,515 in 2005. The infant mortality rate also increased, 6.3 in 2004 to 6.5 in 2005.
The number of fetal deaths increased from 2,286 in 2004 to 2,297 in 2005. The fetal death ratio held steady at 6.0.
There were 74,399 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2005. This is a 2.7 percent increase from 2004, when Texas residents obtained 72,441 abortions. The abortion rate increased from 14.6 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2004 to 14.8 in 2005. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion increased from 2004 to 2005. The 2005 abortion ratio of 193.0 induced abortions per 1,000 live births was up from 189.9 in 2004. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion increased from 15.9 in 2004 to 16.1 in 2005.
There were 176,768 marriages in 2005 compared to 178,511 marriages in 2004. The number of divorces decreased from 81,324 in 2004 to 75,980 in 2005.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.
2005 Annual Report Table of Contents
Annual Reports for Other Years
Center for Health Statistics