In 2003, HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson approved the revision to the US Standard Certificates of Birth, Death, and Fetal Death and encouraged all states to adopt them. The process involved in this revision, as well as details of what was revised, can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vital_certificate_revisions.htm. Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous revisions.
In 2005, Texas adopted the new US Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The new US Standard Certificates of Death and Fetal Death were implemented in 2006 in Texas.
Texas residents had more babies in 2007 (407,453) than in any other year since births were first recorded in Texas in 1903. The crude birth rate of 17.0 births per 1,000 population is the same as it was in 2006.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 59.0 in 2007. This figure is not directly comparable to years prior to 2005 due to the implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (source: Technical Appendix from Vital Statistics of the United States, 2004. Natality in the Documentation of the Detail Natality Public Use File for 2004). In 2007, 99.2 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 95.9 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 33.2 percent in 2006 to 33.7 percent in 2007.
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2007 was 77.7 years. A male infant born in 2007 could expect to live 75.2 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.2 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2007 was 160,166. This was a 2.3 percent increase in total deaths over 2006, when there were 156,525. The 2007 crude death rate of 6.7 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was the same as in 2006. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 247,287 in 2007.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the National Center for Health Statistics implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.
In 2007, heart diseases claimed 39,253 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 35,005 deaths. Accidents ranked third with 9,495 deaths and cerebrovascular diseases ranked fourth with 9,472 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD), which accounted for 8,082 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 63.3 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2007.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: diabetes mellitus, 5,105 deaths; Alzheimer's disease, 4,805 deaths; nephritis and related diseases, with 3,290 deaths; influenza and pneumonia, 3,241 deaths; and septicemia, 2,848 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 75.3 percent of deaths to Texas residents in 2007.
The total number of infant deaths increased from 2,476 in 2006 to 2,541 in 2007. The infant mortality rate has remained the same as in 2006 - 6.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.
The number of fetal deaths decreased from 2,382 in 2006 to 2,364 in 2007. The fetal death ratio decreased to 5.8 fetal deaths per 1,000 live births in 2007 compared to 6.0 in 2006.
There were 77,811 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2007. This is a 1.6 percent decrease from 2006, when Texas residents obtained 79,041 abortions. The abortion rate decreased from 15.4 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2006 to 14.9 in 2007. The abortion ratio and the percent of pregnancies resulting in abortion decreased from 2006 to 2007. The 2007 abortion ratio of 191.0 induced abortions per 1,000 live births was down from 197.9 in 2006. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion decreased from 16.4 in 2006 to 16.0 in 2007.
There were 176,305 marriages in 2007 compared to 178,115 marriages in 2006. The number of divorces decreased from 79,469 in 2006 to 77,806 in 2007.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.
2007 Annual Report Table of Contents
Annual Reports for Other Years
Center for Health Statistics