Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2011
In 2003, HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson approved
the revision to the U.S. Standard Certificates of Birth, Death, and Fetal Death
and encouraged all states to adopt them. The process involved in this revision,
as well as details of what was revised, can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vital_certificate_revisions.htm.
Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous
In 2005, Texas adopted the new U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The
new U.S. Standard Certificates of Death and Fetal Death were implemented in 2006
There were 377,274 live births to Texas residents
in 2011, a decrease of 2.2 percent (8,472 fewer births) from 2010. The crude
birth rate was 14.7 births per 1,000 population in 2011 compared 15.3 births per
1,000 in 2010.
The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was
63.0. This figure is not directly comparable to years prior to 2005 due to the
implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (source: Technical Appendix from Vital Statistics of the United States, 2004. Natality in the
Documentation of the Detail Natality Public Use File for 2004). In 2011,
99.0 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians
delivered 95.3 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of
C-section deliveries increased from 35.1 percent in 2010 to 35.3 percent in
Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2011 was 78.3 years. A
male infant born in 2011 could expect to live 75.8 years while a female infant
could expect to live 80.6 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy
than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.
The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2011 was 167,997. This was a 1.2
percent increase in total deaths over 2010, when there were 166,059. The 2011
crude death rate of 6.5 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was slightly down
from 6.6 in 2010. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of
resident births over resident deaths, was 209,277.
Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth
Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change
in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading
causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other
causes of death.
In 2011, diseases of the heart claimed 37,995 lives and continued to be the
leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 37,121 deaths. Accidents ranked
third with 9,301 deaths, and chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known
as COPD) ranked fourth with 9,115 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was
cerebrovascular diseases, which accounted for 9,058 deaths. These five leading
causes were responsible for 61.0 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2011.
Completing the ten leading causes of death were: Alzheimer's disease, 5,394
deaths; diabetes mellitus, 5,060 deaths; septicemia, 3,420; nephritis and
related diseases, with 3,405 deaths; and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis,
3,093 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 73.2 percent of
deaths to Texas residents.
The total number of infant deaths decreased from 2,362 in 2010 to 2,136 in
2011. The infant mortality rate decreased from 6.1 in 2010 to 5.7 in 2011.
The number of fetal deaths decreased from 2,144 in 2010 to 2,087 in 2011. The
fetal death ratio decreased from 5.6 in 2010 to 5.5 in 2011.
There were 70,003 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by
Texas residents in 2011. This is a 6.6 percent decrease from 2010, when Texas
residents obtained 74,959 abortions. The abortion rate decreased from 14.1 per
1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2010 to 13.0 in 2011. The 2011 abortion ratio
of 185.5 induced abortions per 1,000 live births is down from 194.3 in 2010. The
percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced
abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion decreased from 16.2 in
2010 to 15.6 in 2011.
There were 177,219 marriages in 2011 compared to 174,171 marriages in 2010.
The number of divorces decreased from 82,098 in 2010 to 79,024 in 2011.
The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations
provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are
classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified
by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by
county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by
county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by
the patient's county of residence.
Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to
residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which
occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are
included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and
knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange
in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health
2011 Annual Report List of Tables and References
Annual Reports for Other Years
Center for Health Statistics
Last updated: December 31, 2013