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Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas

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Summary of Vital Statistics for Texas 2011

In 2003, HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson approved the revision to the U.S. Standard Certificates of Birth, Death, and Fetal Death and encouraged all states to adopt them. The process involved in this revision, as well as details of what was revised, can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nvss/vital_certificate_revisions.htm. Consequently, some of the data are not directly comparable with previous revisions.

In 2005, Texas adopted the new U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The new U.S. Standard Certificates of Death and Fetal Death were implemented in 2006 in Texas.

There were 377,274 live births to Texas residents in 2011, a decrease of 2.2 percent (8,472 fewer births) from 2010. The crude birth rate was 14.7 births per 1,000 population in 2011 compared 15.3 births per 1,000 in 2010.

The percentage of women receiving prenatal care in the first trimester was 63.0. This figure is not directly comparable to years prior to 2005 due to the implementation of a new birth certificate in Texas in 2005 (source: Technical Appendix from Vital Statistics of the United States, 2004. Natality in the Documentation of the Detail Natality Public Use File for 2004). In 2011, 99.0 percent of Texas resident births were delivered in a hospital. Physicians delivered 95.3 percent of infants born to Texas residents. The proportion of C-section deliveries increased from 35.1 percent in 2010 to 35.3 percent in 2011.

Overall life expectancy for an infant born in Texas in 2011 was 78.3 years. A male infant born in 2011 could expect to live 75.8 years while a female infant could expect to live 80.6 years. Female infants had a higher life expectancy than male infants regardless of racial/ethnic group.

The number of deaths to Texas residents in 2011 was 167,997. This was a 1.2 percent increase in total deaths over 2010, when there were 166,059. The 2011 crude death rate of 6.5 deaths per 1,000 estimated population was slightly down from 6.6 in 2010. The natural increase of the Texas population, the excess of resident births over resident deaths, was 209,277.

Starting with 1999 deaths, the Vital Statistics Unit implemented the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). This change in the classification of causes of death explains the presence of new leading causes (like Alzheimer's disease) and may partially explain changes in other causes of death.

In 2011, diseases of the heart claimed 37,995 lives and continued to be the leading cause of death, followed by cancer with 37,121 deaths. Accidents ranked third with 9,301 deaths, and chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly known as COPD) ranked fourth with 9,115 deaths. The fifth leading cause of death was cerebrovascular diseases, which accounted for 9,058 deaths. These five leading causes were responsible for 61.0 percent of Texas resident deaths in 2011.

Completing the ten leading causes of death were: Alzheimer's disease, 5,394 deaths; diabetes mellitus, 5,060 deaths; septicemia, 3,420; nephritis and related diseases, with 3,405 deaths; and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, 3,093 deaths. The ten leading causes together accounted for 73.2 percent of deaths to Texas residents.

The total number of infant deaths decreased from 2,362 in 2010 to 2,136 in 2011. The infant mortality rate decreased from 6.1 in 2010 to 5.7 in 2011.

The number of fetal deaths decreased from 2,144 in 2010 to 2,087 in 2011. The fetal death ratio decreased from 5.6 in 2010 to 5.5 in 2011.

There were 70,003 induced terminations of pregnancy (abortions) obtained by Texas residents in 2011. This is a 6.6 percent decrease from 2010, when Texas residents obtained 74,959 abortions. The abortion rate decreased from 14.1 per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age in 2010 to 13.0 in 2011. The 2011 abortion ratio of 185.5 induced abortions per 1,000 live births is down from 194.3 in 2010. The percentage of all reported pregnancies (live births, fetal deaths plus induced abortions) among Texas residents resulting in abortion decreased from 16.2 in 2010 to 15.6 in 2011.

There were 177,219 marriages in 2011 compared to 174,171 marriages in 2010. The number of divorces decreased from 82,098 in 2010 to 79,024 in 2011.


The birth, death, and fetal death tabulations provided in this report are for residents of Texas. Births and fetal deaths are classified by the mother's county and city of residence. Deaths are classified by the county and city of residence of the decedent. Marriages are reported by county in which the marriage license was issued and divorces are reported by county in which the divorce decree was granted. Abortion data are classified by the patient's county of residence.

Births and deaths which occurred in Texas to residents of other states are excluded from these tabulations. Events which occurred to Texas residents, regardless of the place of occurrence, are included. A small percentage of Texas resident events occur in other states, and knowledge of these events is obtained through an interstate transcript exchange in cooperation with other states and the National Center for Health Statistics.


2011 Annual Report List of Tables and References

Annual Reports for Other Years

Center for Health Statistics

Last updated: December 31, 2013

Last updated December 31, 2013