The majority of questions from the public and industry involve labeling.
- What has to be labeled?
- How does it have to be labeled?
- Do I have to nutrition label?
- What are the requirements for allergen and trans fat labeling?
All prepackaged Food Labels must include:
- Common usual name of product
- Name and Address of Manufacturer
- List of ingredients in descending order of predominance by net weight.
- Ingredient statements must be at 1/16 of an inch or larger.
- Ingredients must include components of the ingredients. (i.e.: Enriched Flour (flour, malted barley flour, niacin, iron, thiamin mononitrate, riboflavin)
- All certified colors must be identified in the ingredient statement
Preservatives must be followed with statement of use. (i.e.: Calcium Proprionate (preservative))
- Net quantity of contents including metric measurements. Net quantity of contents must be separated from other text on the label and must be located in the bottom third of the label.
- For beverages containing juice or that imply juice content, the percentage of juice must be declared on the information panel.
The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, also known as NLEA, brought about the requirement for nutrition labeling to be carried on most foods. It also allowed for nutrient content claims (example: Low Fat) and FDA approved health claims. Nutrition labeling is required for all foods with a nutrient content claim or health claim. All food products marketed after May 1994 must bear nutritional labeling unless the food qualifies for an exemption.
Labeling regulations and exemptions can be found in 21 Code of Federal Regulations-Part 101.
For more information on Nutrition Labeling:
Visit the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Web site.
New Requirements for Allergen and Trans Fat Labeling
January 1, 2006, new requirements regarding allergen labeling went into effect. For more information on the Food Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 and allergen labeling, visit the FDA Web site.
January 1, 2006, new requirements regarding trans fat declaration on the nutrituion facts panel went into effect. For more information on trans fat labeling, visit the FDA Web site.