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    DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    DSHS strives to respond to all email requests in a timely manner. It is important to note, however, that messages that you send to us by email may not be secure and may be intercepted by a third party. Therefore, we recommend that you do not send any confidential health information to us by email.

Chlamydia

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Chlamydia

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that affects millions of people every year. Chlamydia is spread by having vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has the disease. Babies can get chlamydia at birth if the mother has it.

Many people do not know they have Chlamydia.

An estimated 50 to 70 percent of women and 30 percent of men with chlamydia have no symptoms. Often, people who have chlamydia do not realize they have the disease until they have severe health problems.

Chlamydia can be cured! Getting treated early is the key to avoiding major health problems later.

facesChlamydia can be dangerous.

If left untreated, chlamydia can be very harmful for both women and men.

In women, it can cause:

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), a serious infection of the sex organs
  • infertility (never being able to get pregnant)
  • problems during pregnancy that could cause death
  • joint pain, eye infections, and liver, heart or bladder problems.

In men, it can cause:

  • severe pain in the penis and testicles
  • sterility (never being able to father children)
  • joint pain, eye infections, and liver, heart or bladder problems.

In addition, babies born to mothers with chlamydia may have eye, ear and lung problems.

How would you know if you had Chlamydia?

The only way to be sure is to get tested at your doctor's office or an STD clinic. The test is usually easy - a sample of fluid from your penis or vagina will be taken and sent to a lab. Some doctors and STD clinics are now testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea by taking a urine sample. Urine testing is both simple and painless. Ask about the availability of this test.

A woman may have:

  • bleeding between periods
  • unusual discharge from the vagina
  • itching or swelling of the vaginal area
  • painful or frequent urination
  • stomach or abdominal pains
  • a slight fever.

A man may have:

  • discharge or drip from the penis
  • painful or frequent urination
  • itching and/or burning around the opening of the penis
  • pain or swelling of the testicles.

REMEMBER: Many have no symptoms!

Chlamydia can be cured!

Most cases of chlamydia can be cured by taking medicine for a short time. Since you can have chlamydia and another STD at the same time, you may have to take more than one medicine at a time. Your sex partner(s) must be treated or your could get infected again.

If you have chlamydia or any other STD:

  • Take all the medicine given to you
  • Follow your health care provider's instructions
  • Ask your sex partner(s) to get checked
  • Don't have sex until a health care provider says you and your partner(s) are cured
  • Don't try to treat yourself
  • Don't share your medicine

You should get tested for chlamydia if:

  • You or your partner(s) have symptoms of chlamydia
  • You have had multiple sex partners (more partners = greater risk)
  • You have another STD
  • Your partner tells you that they are being tested or treated for an STD

How can you stay healthy?

  • The only sure way to avoid chlamydia and other STDs is to not have sex. Vaginal, oral, and anal sex can all pass the disease from one person to another.
  • If you have sex, use a latex condom every time. When used the right way, condoms greatly reduce the chance you will get chlamydia and other STDs.
  • Have sex with one partner who has sex only with you. Use condoms unless you are sure your partner does not have chlamydia or other STDs.
 
Chlamydia Resources

Chlamydia Resources

Where to get tested for Chlamydia

Chlamydia information from the CDC [CDC]

Texas Infertility Prevention Project (TIPP)
The National Infertility Prevention Project is a multi-state demonstration project funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The project's overall mission is to implement effective prevention strategies to reduce the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) and its potentially destructive complications.

Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT)
EPT is the practice of giving medication to sex partners of persons with an STD without medical evaluation or prevention counseling. It is assumed they have the infection.

2010 STD Treatment Guidelines from the CDC [CDC]
Includes treatment recommendations for Chlamydia.

Texas STD Surveillance Report (PDF : 621 kb)
This report includes Chlamydia infection rates and demographic data for Texas.

STD Facts and Fallacies
Facts and Fallacies is a two day course for health professionals who interact with client populations at risk for HIV, STDs and Hepatitis.

Chlamydia Materials
6-75
What you should know about Chlamydia
(PDF : 1,347 kb)
(DSHS Brochure 6-75)
6-75a
Lo que debería saber acerca de la Clamidia
(PDF : 1,480 kb)
(DSHS Brochure 6-75a)
E13-11888
What you should know about Chlamydia
(PDF : 47 kb)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11888)
E13-11888a
Lo que debería saber acerca de la Clamidia
(PDF : 48 kb)
(DSHS Fact Sheet E13-11888a)
 
EPT
Expedited Partner Therapy
(PDF : 112 kb)
(DSHS Brochure 13-13176)
 
 
 

 
Last updated February 13, 2014