• Loading...

    DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    DSHS strives to respond to all email requests in a timely manner. It is important to note, however, that messages that you send to us by email may not be secure and may be intercepted by a third party. Therefore, we recommend that you do not send any confidential health information to us by email.

Hepatitis A

Loading...
Hepatitis A

Transmission

Hepatitis A virus is spread by the fecal/oral route. In other words, a person is infected with HAV by ingesting anything that is contaminated by HAV-infected feces. Transmission can occur because of inadequate hand washing by food handlers, poor food or water sanitization, or sexual contact that includes oral/anal contact.

Incubation

Fifteen to forty five days.

Typical Symptoms

Many infected people have no symptoms (especially young children). Adults may become quite ill suddenly experiencing jaundice, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine/light stools, and fever.

Diagnosis

Blood test.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A. The infection will usually clear up in a few weeks to months and serious long term health problems are rare. Once recovered, an individual is then immune to HAV and will never get the infection again.

Prevention

Persons traveling to developing nations where food and water sanitation are in question are encouraged to get the hepatitis A vaccine. Basic prevention includes washing hands with soap and water after using the bathroom and using household bleach to clean surfaces contaminated with feces such as changing tables. Immune globulin (IG) can provide a temporary immunity to the virus for two to three months if given prior to exposure to HAV or within two weeks after contact.

Danger

Although HAV is the least severe type of hepatitis, in rare instances it can result in liver failure.

Prevalence

Hepatitis A is endemic in developing countries.

 

Hepatitis A Resources

Hepatitis A information from the Infectious Disease Control Unit at DSHS

Hepatitis A information from the CDC [CDC]

Hepatitis Resources (PDF : 250 kb)

World Hepatitis Day Presentations

American Liver Foundation [ALF]

Hepatitis A Resources
Hepatitis A Materials
 

hepa
Hepatitis A Can be Prevented! (Bilingual)
(PDF)
(DSHS Brochure 6-12A)

 
Last updated May 22, 2013