by Ann Morris
Read this Lesson in Spanish
- Children will see the variety of breads available.
- Children will learn how bread is made.
- Children will know different foods which contain bread.
- Parents will be able to observe methods of reading to children.
Note: While the book, Bread, Bread, Bread, is for children one to five, the activities in the lesson will work best with two to five year olds.
MATERIALS FOR THIS LESSON:
Book: Bread, Bread, Bread by Ann Morris, A Mulberry Paperback Book, New York, New York, 1989. Big Book, $18.95. The paperback is $4.95.
Let's Read at Home! sheet for parents.
MATERIALS FOR EACH ACTIVITY:
Making a sandwich: Whole wheat bread, American cheese slices, (mayonnaise), paper plates. Soap, water, paper towels or prepackaged hand wipes.
Sampling breads: Pick out 3 or 4 breads like pita bread, tortillas, slices of bread, hamburger buns, pretzels, crackers or local breads eaten in your area from the grocery store. Paper plates or paper towels, soap, water or prepackage hand wipes.
Using Pictures: Pictures of breads cut from magazines, magnetic board, metallic strips, scotch tape.
Making Dough: White flour, cream of tartar, salt, water, vegetable oil. Stove, pan, spoon, wax paper, large plastic bag or container, large bowl.
BOOKS FOR PARENTS TO READ AT HOME:
Contact your local library. Find out if Bread, Bread, Bread by Ann Morris is available. If it is not, get a list of books on nutrition for children from one to five years of age. You may want to put a copy of the book in your WIC lending library for clients to use.
TEACHING TIP: As you read the book to one and two year olds, they can participate by pointing to the pictures and the different things in them. Older children can answer questions and talk about the book.
1. Show the children the cover of the book. Tell them the names of the author and the photographer. Ask them questions like:
- What do you think that the book will be about?
- Do you like bread?
- Who do you know that eats bread?
2. As you read the book to children ask them questions like:
- What shape of bread do you eat?
- Does your bread come in a package?
- Is your bread crunchy?
- When do you eat bread?
- What do you put on your bread?
- Why is a pizza bread?
- Where do you put bread at your house?
- Do you know anyone who makes bread?
- Where do you get bread?
- Who makes the bread in the store?
- Do you ever eat bread with other people?
- Who else do you know that eats bread?
- What do they put on the bread?
Let the children bring up topics and ask questions as you read.
3. Activities to do in class:
Pick one of these to do with the children in addition to reading the book.
Making a Sandwich: Let each child make a cheese sandwich using whole wheat bread and cheese. If you have refrigeration in the clinic, you could use mayonnaise on the bread.
Have the children wash their hands or clean them with a prepackaged hand wipe before starting to make their sandwich. Parents can help if their hands are clean, too!
Discussion with older children could include topics such as how the sandwich they made is like what they saw in Bread, Bread, Bread.
Sampling Breads: Buy different types of bread at the grocery store and taste them in class. Make sure that the children's hands are clean before they eat.
Making Dough: Mix up this recipe at home:
- 1 cup white flour
- 2 tablespoons cream of tartar
- ¼ cup salt
- 1 cup water
- 1 tablespoon vegetable oil
Mix dry ingredients in a medium sauce pan. Add remaining ingredients. Cook on medium heat on the stove top. Stir frequently. After 3-5 minutes there will be a ball in the bottom of the pan. Put it onto a floured piece of waxed paper and knead. To store and to transport it to clinic, put it into a plastic container or a large plastic bag.
Use a large bowl in clinic to show the kids what the dough looks like. Let them touch it and play with it. Compare what you have to the pictures of the woman baking bread in the book. This is a good chance to ask the children about where their bread comes from. Ask them who they think makes the bread they eat, or ask them who made the bread in the pictures in the book.
Using Pictures: Cut out pictures of bread and let the children put the ones they eat on the magnetic boards. As they put the pictures up they could tell when they eat the bread and where it comes from.
4. Activities to do at home:
Give the parents the Let's Read at Home! sheet which is attached. Here is a further explanation of the sheet so that you can discuss it with the parents:
"1. Read the book again. Borrow it from a local library and spend time looking at it and talking about it with your child."
All parents regardless of their literacy skills should be encouraged to read the book again with their child. It will encourage reading in their child as they grow older.
"2. Let your child help buy bread at the store and put it on the table for the family to eat."
Bread, Bread, Bread refers to buying bread. Each child will be doing something similar to what they read about in the book. Bread is also the basic building block on the food pyramid.
"3. Have your child help toast bread for a sandwich. Older children can help put the sandwich together and put it on the table."
Toasting bread was another activity mentioned in the book. Even very young children can push the lever to toast the bread or help to get the bread out of the toaster. Older children can help with more of the sandwich preparation.
"4. Make muffins from a mix or use the Squash Bread Recipe in this lesson. Let your child help as much as their ability allows."
Helping with the cooking will show children how breads are made. It may also encourage picky eaters to eat.
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