Subject: Health Education
TEKS Correlation: This lesson will enable students to do the following: Name the five senses, name major body parts and their functions, and name and demonstrate good posture principles. (TEKS for Health Education: K.4.A-C)
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Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to teach students about the basic structures and functions of the human body and how they relate to personal health.
Rational:The student will benefit from this activity because they will learn about the basic structures and functions of the human body and how they relate to personal health.
Duration: 30 minutes
Students will learn their five senses.
Students will learn major body parts and functions.
Students will learn good posture principles.
Books: From Head to Toe, by Eric Carle
My Five Senses, by aliki
Procedure: Use the following questions to guide discussion with your students.
What are senses?
Senses are the things that make us aware of what is around us. Without our senses we wouldn't be able to know that chocolate cake is really good, or we wouldn't know what our mother or father looked like. Our senses help us understand what is around us.
Most human beings have five senses, can you name them?
Can you give examples of how we use our senses everyday?
To look both ways before we cross the street.
Pick out the clothes we wear to school.
To smell the food we eat.
To smell flowers.
Tasting food. Without taste we wouldn't know if food was good or not.
Taste lets you know that candy is sweet and lemons are sour.
Can tell if a surface is hot or cold.
To feel the soft fur of your cat.
Listening to music.
Listening to friends.
What body part allows us to see things?
EYES: Our eyes have special cells which pick up images.
What body part allows us to smell things?
NOSE: There are special cells that line our nose that allow us to smell things.
What body part allows us to taste things?
TONGUE:; There are taste buds that line our tongue which allows us to taste things.
What body part allows us to touch things?
HANDS: We mostly feel with our hands and fingers, but we can also feel things all over our body because of special cells on our skin.
What body part allows us to hear things?
EARS: Our ears have a special drum in them to feel vibrations.
Next have your students name the major parts of their body.
Legs, arms, back, stomach, hands, fingers, toes, etc. Have your students point to each part of their body while doing this activity.
Is there a correct way for us to stand or sit?
Yes. It is important that we use proper posture at all times.
What is posture?
Posture is the way in which we have our bodies aligned.
What is good posture when standing?
When we are standing, it is important that we stand up straight with our shoulders back. When standing or sitting, imagine that there is a string attached to the top of your head which pulls it up.
What is good posture when sitting?
When we are sitting, it is important that we have our backs straight and shoulders back. Both feet should be flat on the floor and shoulder width apart. We should sit with our bottoms at the back of the chair. Again, our head should be up.
Assessment: Have students draw pictures that demonstrate their knowledge of their senses and posture. They could draw a picture that had their favorite food on it. Have them indicate what sense enables them to know that it this food is good. Students could also draw pictures of people with good and bad posture.
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