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    Laboratory Services Section
    MC 1947
    PO Box 149347 Austin, TX 78714-9347
    1100 W. 49th Street
    Austin, TX 78756-3199

    Phone: (512) 776-7318
    Fax: (512) 776-7294

    Phone Us Toll Free at:
    (888) 963-7111, ext. 7318

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Microbiology Laboratory Tests: D-E

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Microbiology
Dengue Fever (Serological – Enzyme Immunoassay (IgM capture and IgG)
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Test Includes:

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s:

Reference

Turnaround Time:  5-7 days

Reference Range:  <1.00

Limitations: May not detect a recent infection, or infection in a person with a severely compromised immune system.

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Venipuncture

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required: 2 mL Serum

Preferred Specimen:  Single Serum; Paired Sera

Collection/Preservation: Red top or tiger top tube

Storage Instructions: Separated serum may be held at 2-8°C

Causes for Rejection: Discrepancy between name on tube and name on form, insufficient quantity of serum for testing

Sample Container: Red top or tiger top tube

Diagnostic Information:  These assays detect IgM and IgG antibodies against all four Dengue fever types. Except for very early IgM responses, the immune response to Dengue fever is not type specific. While a single serum may be tested, a second serum collected 10-14 days later may be required for best evidence for current infection.  Paired sera are especially important when the acute phase sample is taken within the six days following onset of symptoms. In most patients, Dengue antibodies are detectable after the sixth day. Cross-reactions occur with Yellow Fever immunization and other arboviruses are known to occur, but the extent and degree of cross-reaction varies. This test is performed once per week.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2A

Specimen Handling: Use Universal Precautions

Transport Temperature: Cold (2-8º C) on ice packs if received within 48 hours from time of collection.  Frozen (≤-20°) on dry ice if received more than 48 hours from time of collection.

Shipping Requirements: Triple contain, separated serum may be shipped on cold packs (2-8°C), or frozen (-20°C) and mailed on dry ice.

Billing

CPT Code: 87252, 87253

Fees:


Microbiology
Dermatomycosis (Culture - Isolation)
Names of Related Agents:  Trichophyton species, Microsporum species, etc.
< Return to Table of Contents
Test Includes: Isolation of fungus and morphological and physiological tests for identification to species level.

Reporting

Results Available: 14-21 days

Contact #s: 512-458-7455 for prior approval
Technical questions:  512-458-7586

Reference

Method: Morphological and physiological testing for identification

Turnaround Time:  14-21 days

Reference Range:  Negative

Limitations: Delay in transport of specimen could compromise isolation of organism.

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type: Clinical Specimen

Volume/Amount Required:

Preferred Specimen:  Tissue; Scrapings; Nail; Hair

Collection/Preservation: No preservative

Storage Instructions: Transport specimen as soon as possible.  Dermatophytes are sensitive to lower temperatures so skin scrapings, nail, or hair clippings should be held and shipped at room temperature.

Causes for Rejection: Specimens received frozen, in formalin, or in culture medium will be rejected.  Swabs are discouraged unless the only specimen available; submit swabs in 5 mL sterile saline.

Sample Container: Triple-contained.  Sterile, leak-proof, 50 mL conical.  Skin scrapings, nail, or hair clipping should be kept and shipped dry.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Testing available upon approval of Dr. Penfield.

Diagnostic Information:  Approval for this testing must be obtained prior to shipping by telephoning Dr. Susan Penfield at 512-458-7455.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling:

Transport Temperature:  Room temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple-contained and packaged to meet requirements of DOT, USPS, PHS, and IATA for shipping of clinical specimens.

Billing

CPT Code: 87101

Fees:


Microbiology
Dermatomycosis (Culture - Identification)
Names of Related Agents:  Trichophyton species, Microsporum species, etc.
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Morphological and physiological tests for identification to species level.

Reporting

Results Available: 14-21 days

Contact #s: 512-458-7586 for prior approval
Technical questions:  512-458-7586  

Reference

Method: Morphological and physiological testing for identification

Turnaround Time:  14-21 days

Reference Range:  By report

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required:

Preferred Specimen:  Pure Culture

Collection/Preservation: No preservative

Storage Instructions:

Causes for Rejection: Culture infested with mites.

Sample Container: Triple-contained.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Tested 5 days/week: Monday-Friday

Diagnostic Information: Fungal isolates (pure culture) submitted to this Laboratory for definitive identification. Drug susceptibility testing on these organisms not available at TDSHS laboratory.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling:

Transport Temperature:  Room temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple-contained and packaged to meet rigorous performance tests as outlined in the DOT, USPS, PHS, and IATA regulations for shipping of infectious substances.

Billing

CPT Code: 87101

Fees:


Microbiology
Dientamoeba fragilis (Microscopic – Trichrome Stains)
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Test Includes: Microscopic examination

Reporting

Results Available: 3 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7560

Reference

Method: Microscopic examination, Trichrome stain

 

Turnaround Time:  3 days

Reference Range: No parasites found

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Collect fresh feces and immediately place in PVA preservative.

Sample Type: Feces fresh (less than five hours) or in PVA

Volume/Amount Required: 15 mL liquid stool or 15 g stool

Preferred Specimen:  Feces fresh (less than five hours) or in PVA

Collection/Preservation: Collect fresh feces and immediately place in PVA preservative. Fresh stools not in PVA must be examined within 5 hours.

Storage Instructions: Ambient temperature

Causes for Rejection: Unpreserved stools > 5 hours old

Sample Container: PVA transport for Parasites

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Monday-Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Fecal specimens must be sent in PVA.  Referred material accepted from hospital, private, and reference labs

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle body fluids using universal precautions. PVA is a poison, handle with care.

Transport Temperature:  Ambient  temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for diagnostic specimens.

Billing

CPT Code: 87209

Fees:


Microbiology
Diptheria Culture –(Isolation)
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Test Includes: Conventional biochemicals, toxigencity testing

Reporting

Results Available: 3-7 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: Conventional biochemicals

 

Turnaround Time:  3-7 days

Reference Range:  No C. diphtheriae isolated.

Limitations: Specimen should be taken prior to antimicrobial therapy. Organisms must be viable for culture studies.

Interpretation: No C. diphtheriae isolated indicates that no viable organism was present in the specimen submitted. If clinical symptoms are indicative of diphtheria infection, a specimen should be submitted to the CDC for PCR studies.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Throat swab

Sample Type: Throat swab

Volume/Amount Required: One throat swab per patient.

Preferred Specimen:  Throat Swab submitted on Loeffler’s slant or in Amies or Stuart’s transport media.

Collection/Preservation: Collect by throat swab using a cotton-tipped or polyester-tipped swab. Swabs taken below the membrane are most valuable. A portion of the membrane may be submitted for culture, but these do not always yield C. diphtheriae.

Storage Instructions: Stored between 2-25°C.

Causes for Rejection: Incorrect source of specimen. Specimen > 24 hours not in transport medium.

Sample Container: Swab transport system.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Tested Monday – Friday.

Diagnostic Information:  Swabs should be submitted on Loeffler’s Slant or in Amies or Stuart transport medium.  Prior notification of the Clinical Bacteriology Section at 512-458-7582

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle body fluids using universal precautions.

Transport Temperature:  2-25° C

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for diagnostic specimens.

Billing

CPT Code: 87070

Fees:


Microbiology
Diptheria Culture –(Identification)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Conventional biochemicals

Reporting

Results Available: 5-10 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: Conventional biochemicals

 

Turnaround Time:  5-10 days

Reference Range:  By report

Limitations: Organism must be viable.

Interpretation: Identification of C. diphtheriae must be considered significant. Toxin studies must be performed to demonstrate that the strain is toxigenic.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Collect by throat swab using a cotton-tipped or polyester-tipped swab. Swabs taken below the membrane are most valuable. A portion of the membrane may be submitted for culture, but these do not always yield C. diphtheriae.

Sample Type: Pure culture.

Volume/Amount Required: One culture per patient.

Preferred Specimen:  Pure Culture on agar slant.

Collection/Preservation: Agar slant, preferably Loeffler’s media, ambient temperature.

Storage Instructions: Ambient temperature

Causes for Rejection: Broken or compromised container.

Sample Container: Agar slant in screw cap tube.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Tested Monday – Friday.

Diagnostic Information:  See Aerobic Bacterial Culture (Isolation).

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Infectious agent, biosafety level 2.

Transport Temperature:  Ambient temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for infectious agents.

Billing

CPT Code: 87070

Fees:


Microbiology
Diptheria Culture – (Toxigenicity)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Diphtheria toxin testing by precipitate test.

Reporting

Results Available: 2-7 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: Precipitate test

 

Turnaround Time:  2-7 days  

Reference Range:  No toxin demonstrated

Limitations: Organism must be viable and grown on media such as Loeffler’s that supports production of toxin.

Interpretation: No toxin demonstrated is indicative of a non toxigenic strain of C. diphtheriae or a weakly toxigenic strain. Additional testing may be necessary dependent on the clinical history and symptoms of the patient.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Throat swab

Sample Type: Pure culture, Throat swab

Volume/Amount Required: One specimen per patient.

Preferred Specimen:  Pure Culture safely contained; Throat Swab submitted on Loeffler’s slant or in Amies or Stuart’s transport.  

Collection/Preservation: Swab throat and keep in original container for transport.

Storage Instructions: May be stored between 2-25° C.

Causes for Rejection: No identifying marks on sample and/or paperwork, broken container.

Sample Container: Transport tube.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Tested Monday – Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Pure culture submitted on Loeffler’s Slant allows for rapid testing. 

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle as infectious agent.

Transport Temperature:  2-25° C

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for infectious agent.

Billing

CPT Code: 87070

Fees:


Microbiology
Diphyllobothriasis (Microscopic – Direct Concentration)
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Test Includes:

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s: (512) 458-7560

Reference

Method: Microscopic – Direct Examination

 

Turnaround Time:  3 days

Reference Range:  No parasites found

Limitations: Fecal Specimens must be sent in Formalin

Interpretation:  No parasites found indicates that there were no visibly detectable parasites in the specimen.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Fresh feces

Sample Type:  Feces; Proglottid Scolex

Volume/Amount Required: 15 mL liquid stool, 15 g stool

Preferred Specimen:  Feces; Proglottid Scolex

Collection/Preservation: Fecal specimens must be sent in formalin.

Storage Instructions: Ambient temperature

Causes for Rejection:  Unpreserved stool > 5 hours old .

Sample Container: Formalin transport for parasites.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Monday - Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Fecal specimens must be sent in formalin.  Proglottids must be sent in ethyl alcohol or formalin.  Referred material accepted from hospital, private, and reference labs.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle body fluids using universal precautions. Formalin is a poison, handle with care.

Transport Temperature:  Ambient (Room) temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for diagnostic specimens.

Billing

CPT Code: 87015

Fees:



Microbiology
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (Serological – Enzyme Immunoassay – IgG and IgM)
Related Agents : Arbovirus, EEE
< Return to Table of Contents

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s:

Reference

Method: EIA

 

Turnaround Time:  5-7 days

Reference Range:  <1.00 (Nonreactive)

Limitations: May not detect a recent infection, or infection in a person with a severely compromised immune system. May be cross reactivity with other arthropod borne viruses.

Interpretation: Nonreactive indicates that the patient does not have detectable antibody to the infectious agent. Reactive indicates that the patient has detectable antibody to the infectious agent, and depending on the clinical picture, may have a current or past infection.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Venipuncture

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required: 10 mL whole blood

Preferred Specimen:  Single Serum; Paired Sera

Collection/Preservation: Red top or tiger top tube

Storage Instructions: Do not freeze or refrigerate whole blood. Separated serum may be held at 2-8°C

Causes for Rejection: Discrepancy between name on tube and name on form, insufficient quantity of serum for testing

Sample Container: Red top or tiger top tube

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Testing performed daily

Diagnostic Information:  The presence of IgM indicates recent infection.  A fourfold titer increase on paired sera is required for best evidence of current infection.  Cross-reactions occur with other group A arboviruses, i.e. Western Equine Encephalitis. Human infections are seasonal, from mid- to late summer, occurring from New England to Texas. The test is performed once per week.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2A

Specimen Handling: Use Universal Precautions

Transport Temperature:  Ambient temperature for specimens on the blood clot, separated serum at 2-8°C (refrigerated) or -20°C (frozen).

Shipping Requirements: Triple contain, separated serum may be shipped on cold packs (2-8°C), or frozen (-20°C) and mailed on dry ice.

Billing

CPT Code: 86652

Fees:


Microbiology
Echinococcosis (Serological – Forwarded by TDSHS to CDC for testing)
< Return to Table of Contents
Test Includes:

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s:

Reference

Method:

 

Turnaround Time:  3 weeks

Reference Range:  <1:8

Limitations: May not detect a recent infection, or infection in a person with a severely compromised immune system.

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Venipuncture

Sample Type: Serum

Volume/Amount Required: 10 mL whole blood

Preferred Specimen:  Single Serum

Collection/Preservation: Red top or tiger top  tube

Storage Instructions: Do not freeze or refrigerate whole blood. Separated serum may be held at 2-8°C

Causes for Rejection: Discrepancy between name on tube and name on form, insufficient quantity of serum for testing

Sample Container: Red top or tiger top tube

Sample Test Kit:

Availability:

Diagnostic Information:  Prior notification is requested (512) 458-7760. A detailed patient history is required. Serum specimens are forwarded to the CDC.  Increasing antibody values between acute and convalescent specimens is considered evidence of recent or current infection. Liver cysts yield titers of 1:256 or higher; cysts at other sites stimulate antibody production less.  Titers persist for years even after surgical removal of cysts.  Cross-reactions to cysticercosis do occur.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2A

Specimen Handling: Use Universal Precautions

Transport Temperature: Ambient temperature for specimens on the blood clot, separated serum at 2-8°C (refrigerated) or -20°C (frozen).

Shipping Requirements: Triple contain, separated serum may be shipped on cold packs (2-8°C), or frozen (-20°C) and mailed on dry ice.

Billing

CPT Code: 86682

Fees:


Microbiology
Echinococcosis (Microscopic - Direct)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes:

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s:

Reference

Method:

 

Turnaround Time:  24 hours

Reference Range:

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required:

Preferred Specimen:  Hydatid Cyst Aspirate

Collection/Preservation:

Storage Instructions:

Causes for Rejection:

Sample Container:

Sample Test Kit:

Availability:

Diagnostic Information:  Microscopic examination of hydatid cyst fluid may reveal the hydatid sand or, under certain circumstances, just the hooklets.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling:

Transport Temperature:  Ambient (Room) temperature

Shipping Requirements:

Billing

CPT Code: 87177

Fees:


Microbiology
Ehrlichiosis (Serological - Immunofluorscence)
< Return to Table of Contents

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s:

Reference

Turnaround Time:  3-5 days

Reference Range:  <1:64 (Nonreactive)

Limitations: May not detect a recent infection, or infection in a person with a severely compromised immune system.

Interpretation: Nonreactive indicates that the patient does not have detectable antibody to the infectious agent. Reactive indicates that the patient has detectable antibody to the infectious agent, and depending on the clinical picture, may have a current or past infection.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Venipuncture

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required: 2 mL serum

Preferred Specimen:  Paired Sera

Collection/Preservation: Red top or tiger top tube

Storage Instructions: Separated serum may be held at 2-8°C

Causes for Rejection: Discrepancy between name on tube and name on form, insufficient quantity of serum for testing

Sample Container: Red top or tiger top tube

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Test performed every Tuesday and Thursday

Diagnostic Information:  Human ehrlichiosis is a tick-borne disease caused by rickettsial-like agents. Sera are tested for presence of antibodies to Ehrlichia chaffeencis.  Single IgG IFA titers of 1:64 or greater indicate exposure. Ideally, acute and convalescent-phase serum specimens, drawn at least 4 weeks apart, should be submitted. Specimens demonstrating a four-fold rise in IgG titers between acute and convalescent samples suggest recent or current infection. Test is performed twice per week.  

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2A

Specimen Handling: Use Universal Precautions

Transport Temperature: Cold (2-8º C) on ice packs if received within 48 hours from time of collection.  Frozen (≤-20°) on dry ice if received more than 48 hours from time of collection.

Shipping Requirements: Triple contain, separated serum may be shipped on cold packs (2-8°C), or frozen (-20°C) and mailed on dry ice.

Billing

CPT Code: 86666

Fees:


Microbiology
Enteric Bacteria (See Aerobic Bacterial Culture, Stool  (Isolation))
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes:

Reporting

Results Available:

Contact #s:

Reference

Method:

 

Turnaround Time:

Reference Range:

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required:

Preferred Specimen:

Collection/Preservation:

Storage Instructions:

Causes for Rejection:

Sample Container:

Sample Test Kit:

Availability:

Diagnostic Information:  For Salmonella, see SalmonellosisCulture–(Identification) For Shigella, See Shigellosis Culture (Identification) For Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli 0157:H7 Culture (Identification) Escherichia coli 0157:H7 or other Shiga toxin E. coli (Toxin Testing). For Vibrio species Vibrio cholerae, (Culture – Identification). For Yersinia, see Yersinia enterocolitica (Culture – Identification)

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling:

Transport Temperature:

Shipping Requirements:

Billing

CPT Codes: 87081 (screening), 87040, 87045, 87046, 87070, 87071, 87073 87077, 87143, 87147, 87181, 87205, 87206, 87210, 87278, 87430, 87449

Fees:


Microbiology
Enterobiasis – Pin Worm (Microscopic - Direct)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Microscopic Examination

Reporting

Results Available: 1 day

Contact #s: (512) 458-7560

Reference

Method: Microscopic examination

 

Turnaround Time:  24 hours

Reference Range:  No pinworm eggs found.

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: taped slide, worms

Sample Type:  perianal; worms

Volume/Amount Required: 1 tape slide

Preferred Specimen:  Taped Slide of perianal region; worms, pinworm prep kits

Collection/Preservation: using strip of clear cellulose tape sticky side outward on a microscope slide, press firmly against the perianal folds. The tape is then spread back over the slide adhesive side down. Ship in slide carrier.

Storage Instructions: Ambient temperature

Causes for Rejection:  Frosted tape used.

Sample Container:  Slide carrier

Sample Test Kit:

Availability:  Monday-Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Use only clear, cellophane tape or manufactured paddles.  Adult worms should be submitted in EtOH or formalin.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Fecal specimen handled using universal precautions.

Transport Temperature:  Ambient temperature

Shipping Requirements:  Slide carrier

Billing

CPT Code: 87172

Fees:


Microbiology
Enterovirus (Culture - Isolation)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Cell culture

Reporting

Results Available: 2-14 days

Contact #s: 512-458-7594

Reference

Method: Cell culture

 

Turnaround Time:  2 -14 days

Reference Range:  No virus isolated  

Limitations:

Interpretation: A result of “No virus isolated” does not necessarily mean absence of a viral agent.  The success of virus isolation depends a great deal on the submission of the proper specimen, collected at the right time, adequately maintained, and shipped with the least possible delay.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Specimens should be collected at an appropriate anatomic site and at the proper time after infection because viruses are generally shed for only a short period of time.  Refer to Specimen Collection by Type table for additional instructions. 

Sample Type: See preferred specimen

Volume/Amount Required: 2-5 mL of CSF in sterile container, 2-4g of stool in sterile container, swabs in 2-4 mL of viral transport media, or tissue in enough viral transport media to prevent drying.

Preferred Specimen:  CSF; Stool; NP Swab; Vesicular Fluid; Conjunctival Fluid; Tissue

Collection/Preservation: Viral transport media.

Storage Instructions: Arriving < 48 hours after collection, store and send at 2-8° C. Arriving > 48 hours after collection, store and send at -70° C (dry ice).

Causes for Rejection: Specimens submitted on a preservative such as formalin.

Sample Container: Sterile container

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Monday - Friday

Diagnostic Information:  A variety of cell monlayers are inoculated which support the growth of enteroviruses.  If characteristic CPE is observed, confirmation of identification will be performed.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2V

Specimen Handling:

Transport Temperature:  
Arriving < 48 hours:  2-8° C 
Arriving > 48 hours:  send on dry ice

Shipping Requirements: Ship specimens in compliance with governmental regulations.

Billing

CPT Code: 87252

Fees:


Microbiology
Enterovirus (Culture – Typing)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Immunofluorescence, serum neutralization

Reporting

Results Available: 1-4 weeks

Contact #s: 512-458-7594

Reference

Method: Immunofluorescence, serum neutralization

 

Turnaround Time:  1-4 weeks 

Reference Range:  By report

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type:

Volume/Amount Required: If transporting on dry ice, send 1-2 mL.

Preferred Specimen:  Cell culture isolate with CPE.

Collection/Preservation:

Storage Instructions: If shipment of isolate will be delayed, store isolate at -70° C.

Causes for Rejection:

Sample Container: Sterile cryovial.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Monday - Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Serotyping of clinical isolates is based on immunofluorescence tests using monoclonal antibodies or serum neutralization tests using polyclonal antibodies.  

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2A

Specimen Handling:

Transport Temperature: Frozen isolate:  on dry ice

Shipping Requirements: Ship specimens in compliance with governmental regulations.

Billing

CPT Code: 87253

Fees:


Microbiology
Erysipeloid (Culture – Isolation)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Conventional biochemicals

Reporting

Results Available: 7-21 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method:  Conventional biochemicals

 

Turnaround Time: 7-21 days

Reference Range: No bacteria isolated. 

Limitations: Specimen should be collected before initiating antibiotic therapy.

Interpretation: No bacteria isolated indicates that there were no viable organisms in the specimen submitted.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:  venipuncture, biopsy

Sample Type:  blood, biopsy

Volume/Amount Required:  20 mL whole blood,

Preferred Specimen:  blood, biopsy

Collection/Preservation: If suspecting endocardidis or septicemia, collect blood by venipuncture and hold at ambient temperature. If skin lesion, collect by biopsy through the full thickness of skin at the advancing edge of the infected area.

Storage Instructions: Blood: ambient temperature
Biopsy material: 2-8° C

Causes for Rejection: Insufficient specimen, demographic information does not match specimen;

Sample Container: tiger top or red top vacutainer,

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Monday-Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Since there is apparently little serologic response to infection with E. rhusiopathiae, serological tests are not useful for diagnosis. Veterinarians, abattoir workers, fish handlers, and butchers are at particular risk for this infection.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle body fluids using universal precautions.

Transport Temperature: 2-25°C

Shipping Requirements:  Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for diagnostic specimens.

Billing

CPT Code: 87070

Fees:


Microbiology
Erysipeloid (Culture – Identification)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Conventional biochemicals

Reporting

Results Available: 7-21 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: Conventional biochemicals

 

Turnaround Time: 7-21 days

Reference Range:  Genus and species reported

Limitations:  Culture must be viable for studies.

Interpretation: Identification of Erysipelothrix should always be considered significant.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type: Pure culture

Volume/Amount Required: One specimen per patient

Preferred Specimen:  Pure culture on agar slant

Collection/Preservation:

Storage Instructions: Ambient temperature

Causes for Rejection: Broken in transport, Name on tube/submission form do not match.

Sample Container:  Agar slant in screw cap tube

Sample Test Kit:

Availability:  Monday-Friday

Diagnostic Information:

 

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Infectious agent, biosafety level 2

Transport Temperature: 2-25° C

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for infectious agent.

Billing

CPT Code: 87077

Fees:


Microbiology
Escherichia coli 0157:H7 Culture (Isolation)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Conventional biochemicals, EHEC toxin testing, PCR.

Reporting

Results Available: 5-10 days.

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: Conventional biochemicals, EHEC toxin testing, PCR.

Turnaround Time:  5-10 days

Reference Range:  No E. coli O157:H7 isolated. No Shiga Toxin demonstrated.

Limitations: Isolation of E. coli O157:H7 is dependent on viable organisms. Stool specimens should be collected prior to the initiation of antimicrobial therapy.

Premier EHEC will generate a positive signal when Shiga toxin is present in the specimen at detectable quantities. A positive test does not preclude the presence of other infectious organisms. Toxin expression may be lost upon serial passage.

Interpretation:  No E. coli O157:H7 means that there are no detectable (viable) organisms in the specimen submitted.

Absence of toxin means that there is no detectable shiga toxin in the specimen.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: fresh stool.

Sample Type: Stool, Rectal swab

Volume/Amount Required: > 10 mL liquid stool; > 20 g solid or semi-solid stool.

Preferred Specimen:  Fresh stool < 24 hours old; Rectal swab submitted in Cary-Blair, Stuart’s or Amies transport.

Collection/Preservation: Collect in dry, clean Leak proof container and store at 2-8° C.

Storage Instructions: Store stool at 2-8° C.

Causes for Rejection: Unpreserved stool > 24 hours old for culture. > 7 days for toxin assay.

Sample Container: Clean, dry leak-proof container; Enteric transport.

Sample Test Kit:

Availability:  Tested Monday – Friday. 
Outbreak testing: Saturday-Sunday with prior notification.

Diagnostic Information:  Stool specimens should be collected in the acute phase of the illness and submitted on ice packs within 24 hours of collection. See Aerobic Bacterial Culture, Stool (Isolation).

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle Body fluids using universal precautions. Stool and broth storage prior to premier EHEC testing: Stool specimens and broths may be held up to 7 days at 2-8° C before testing in the EIA. If testing is not performed within this time period, the specimens should be frozen at -70° C. Repeated freeze-thaws should be avoided.

Transport Temperature:  2-8° C 

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for diagnostic specimens.

Billing

CPT Code: 87046

Fees:


Microbiology
Escherichia coli 0157:H7 Culture (Identification)
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Test Includes: Conventional biochemicals, EHEC toxin testing, PCR.

Reporting

Results Available: 5-7 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582 

Reference

Method: Conventional biochemicals, EHEC toxin testing, PCR.

Turnaround Time:  5-7 days

Reference Range: By report: Genus, species, and serotype (if shiga toxin positive)

Limitations: Organism must be viable.

Interpretation: Identification of E. coli O157:H7 should be considered significant.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type: Pure culture

Volume/Amount Required: one specimen per patient.

Preferred Specimen:  Pure culture on agar slant

Collection/Preservation: May be kept at ambient temperature.

Storage Instructions: Ambient temperature.

Causes for Rejection: Broken in transport, expired transport media used.

Sample Container: Agar slant in screw cap tube

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Tested Monday – Friday.

Diagnostic Information:  See Aerobic Bacterial Culture (Identification).

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Infectious agent biosafety level 2

Transport Temperature:  Ambient temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for Infectious agent.

Billing

CPT Code: 87077

Fees:


Microbiology
Escherichia coli 0157:H7 or other Shiga toxin E. coli (Toxin Testing)
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Test Includes: Premier EHEC EIA toxin test.

Reporting

Results Available: 2-5 days.

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: EIA toxin test

 

Turnaround Time:  2-5 days

Reference Range:  No Shiga toxin demonstrated

Limitations: Premier EHEC will generate a positive signal when Shiga toxin is present in the specimen at detectable quantities. A positive test does not preclude the presence of other infectious organisms. Toxin expression may be lost upon serial passage.

Interpretation: Negative results indicate lack of detectable amounts of Shiga toxin present in sample.

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection: Stool, Pure culture.

Sample Type: Fresh stool; Pure culture.

Volume/Amount Required: 10 g or 10 mL of fresh stool,

Preferred Specimen:  Fresh stool; Pure Culture.

Collection/Preservation: Keep stools between 2-8°C; Pure cultures may be kept at ambient temperature.

Storage Instructions: Store stools between 2-8° C or freeze at -70° C; Pure cultures may be stored at ambient temperature.

Causes for Rejection: Insufficient amount of sample to perform test; Specimens > 7 days unless frozen.

Sample Container: Leak-proof container

Sample Test Kit: Premier EHEC EIA toxin test

Availability: Tested Monday – Friday.
Outbreak situations –Saturday-Sunday- with prior notification.

Diagnostic Information:  Stools are accepted for testing with prior notification of the Clinical Bacteriology Section laboratory at 458-7582. Stools should be shipped on wet ice packs. Pure cultures for toxin testing should be shipped safely contained.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Handle body fluids using universal precautions. Stool and broth storage prior to premier EHEC testing: Stool specimens and broths may be held up to 7 days at 2-8° C before testing in the EIA. If testing is not performed within this time period, the specimens should be frozen at 
-70° C. Repeated freeze-thaws should be avoided.

Transport Temperature:  2-8° C 

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained, In accordance with federal shipping regulations for infectious agent.

Billing

CPT Code: 87427

Fees:


Microbiology
Escherichia coli 0157:H7 or other Shiga toxin E. coli Culture (Typing)
< Return to Table of Contents

Test Includes: Pulse Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)

Reporting

Results Available: 4-7 days

Contact #s: (512) 458-7582

Reference

Method: Pulse Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)

 

Turnaround Time:  4-7 days

Reference Range:  By report

Limitations:

Interpretation:

Specimen Requirements

Specimen Collection:

Sample Type: Pure culture

Volume/Amount Required:

Preferred Specimen:  Pure Culture on agar slants

Collection/Preservation:

Storage Instructions: ambient temperature

Causes for Rejection: Specimen broken in transport

Sample Container:

Sample Test Kit:

Availability: Monday-Friday

Diagnostic Information:  Molecular typing performed at TDSHS as part of the PulseNet program.

Specimen Submission

Required Request Form: G-2B

Specimen Handling: Infectious agent, biosafety level 2.

Transport Temperature:  Ambient temperature

Shipping Requirements: Triple contained; infectious agent

Billing

CPT Code: 87077

Fees:

Last updated November 08, 2013