Bioterrorism - Information for Professionals

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Information for Professionals

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Biological Disaster Planning and Emergency Preparedness  |  Continuing Education and Training

Biological Agents:
Anthrax | Botulism/Botulinum Toxins | Brucellosis | Cholera | Plague | Q fever | Smallpox
SEB (Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B) | Tularemia | Viral Encephalitis


General Bioterrorism Resources

  • Mail Safety
    Resources on handling suspicious letters.
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  • History of Bioterrorism
    From the U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. 
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  • Bioterrorism Audiovisuals
    Videos on Bioterrorism available for checkout by residents of Texas from the DSHS Audio Visual Library. 
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  • Biological Warfare
    Background information and current medical information related to diseases, including a list of related books and journal articles. From the Disaster Information Management Research Center. 
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  • Center for Biosecurity
    Bioterrorism preparedness and response information. From the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. 
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  • Terrorism Preparedness Compendium
    Recommendations, considerations, and guidelines related to biological agents. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, CDC.

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Biological Disaster Planning and Emergency Preparedness

  • Bioterrorism
    Selected emergency topics, including information related to agents, diseases & threats. Basic information concerning bioterrorism agents, including questions & answers, fact sheets & overviews; and in-depth information & resources. From the CDC.
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  • Biological Warfare Agents as Threats to Potable Water
    From Environmental Health Perspectives, a monthly journal of peer-reviewed research and news on the impact of the environment on human health.
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  • Communicable Disease Control Measures in Texas: A Guide for Health Authorities in a Public Health Emergency
    Common Questions and Answers On the Imposition of Control Measures, Control Measures for Individuals, Control Measures for Property, Control Measures for Area, Control Measures for Common Carriers, and Statutory Appendix. From DSHS. (PDF file, 884 kb)
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  • Biodefense and Bioterrorism
    Latest News; General Information/Overviews; Alternative Therapy; Coping; Prevention/Screening; Research; Specific Conditions; Treatment; Law and Policy. From the U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.
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  • Biodefense
    Biodefense-related information for biomedical researchers, the public, and the media. From the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
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  • Medical Management of Biological Casualties Handbook
    Glossary of Medical Terms; Patient Isolation Precautions; BW Agent Characteristics; BW Agent Vaccines, Therapeutics and Prophylactics; Medical Sample Collections for BW Agents; Specimens for Laboratory Diagnosis; BW Agent Laboratory Identification; Differential Diagnosis - Toxins vs. Nerve Agents; Comparative Lethality - Toxins vs. Chemical Agents; Aerosol Toxicity; and References and Emergency Response Contacts. From the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases.
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  • A Mass Casualty Care Strategy for Biological Terrorism Incidents
    From the Department of Defense (PDF File)

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Continuing Education and Training

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Biological Agents

Anthrax

  • Fact Sheet on Anthrax
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.
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  • Fact Sheet on Anthrax/Cold/Flu Comparison
    From DSHS.

  • Anthrax Treatment
    Diagnosis/Evaluation, Environment/Response, Exposure Management/Prophylaxis, Infection Control,
    Lab Testing, Surveillance & Investigation. From the CDC. 


  • Anthrax
    Information about naturally occurring anthrax in Texas, Anthrax as a Bioterrorism agent: How animals may be affected, Basic Fact Sheet: Anthrax in Animals. From DSHS Zoonosis Control Group.
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  • History of Anthrax

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Botulism / Botulinum

  • Fact Sheet on Botulism
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.
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  • Botulism Technical Information
    Clinical Features, Etiologic Agent, Incidence, Sequelae, Transmission, Risk Groups, Surveillance.
    From the CDC.
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  • Botulinum Toxin as a Biological Weapon
    Consensus methods, History of current threat, Microbiology and virulence, Pathogenesis and clinical, Epidemiology, Diagnosis and differential, Therapy, Special populations, Prophylaxis, Decontamination, Infection control, and Research needs. From the Journal of the American Medical Association

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Brucellosis

  • Fact Sheet  on Brucellosis
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.
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  • Brucellosis Overview
    Fact Sheets, Basic Q&A on Brucellosis (Undulant Fever).
    From the CDC.

Natural Occurrence

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Cholera

  • Fact Sheet on Cholera
    Agent Information Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period,, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.

  • Cholera Treatment
    From the CDC.

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Plague

  • Fact Sheet on Plague
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.
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  • Plague Information
    Diagnosis/Evaluation, Infection Control, Lab Testing, Surveillance and Investigation, and Selected Publications, Education and Training Materials. From the CDC.
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  • History of Plague
    Plague through the ages and as a biological weapon. From DSHS.
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  • Plague as a Biological Weapon
    Consensus methods, History and potential as..., Epidemiology, Microbiology and virulence..., Pathogenesis and clinical..., Diagnosis, Vaccination, Therapy, Postexposure prophylaxis..., Infection control, Environmental decontamination. The Journal of the American Medical Association
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  • Plague - BW Agent
    Plague as a Biological Weapon: Medical and Public Health Management. From the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Center for Biosecurity.

Natural Occurrence

  • Plague
    Plague Reports, Facts about Plague pamphlet, Plague in Animals, and Plague Map. From the DSHS Zoonosis Control Group.

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Q fever

  • Fact Sheet on Q fever
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.

Natural Occurrence

  • Q Fever
    Q Fever in Animals. From the DSHS Zoonosis Control Group.
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  • Q fever Technical Information
    Overview of the disease, Signs and Symptoms in Humans, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, Significance for Bioterrorism. From the CDC.

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Smallpox

  • Fact Sheet on Smallpox
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis. From DSHS.
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  • History of Smallpox
    Smallpox through the ages and as a biological weapon. From DSHS.
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  • Smallpox Technical Information
    Vaccination, Diagnosis/Evaluation, Training, Preparation and Planning, Infection Control, Exposure Management, Lab Testing, Surveillance and Investigation, References, and Images. From the CDC.
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  • Smallpox as a Biological Weapon: Medical & Public Health Management
    Consensus methods, History and potential as..., Epidemiology, Microbiology, Pathogenesis and clinical..., Diagnosis, Preexposure preventive..., Postexposure therapy, Postexposure infection control, Hospital epidemiology, Vaccine administration, and Decontamination. Journal of the American Medical Association
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  • Smallpox: What Every Clinician Should Know (online training)
    Programs to train clinicians on the recognition, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of smallpox. From the CDC.

Vaccinia (Smallpox) Vaccine

  • Smallpox Vaccination Overview for Clinicians
    Smallpox Vaccine, Contraindications, Normal Reactions/Take Evaluations, Adverse Reactions & Management, Smallpox Disease, Patient Education, Vaccine Administration, and Recommendations & Policy. From the CDC.
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  • Vaccinia (Smallpox) Vaccine: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
    MMWR Recommendations and Reports 2001 Jun 22,50(RR-10),1-25. Revised recommendations regarding vaccinia (smallpox) vaccine update the previous Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations (MMWR 1991,40, No. RR-14:1--10) and include current information regarding the nonemergency use of vaccinia vaccine among laboratory and health-care workers occupationally exposed to vaccinia virus, recombinant vaccinia viruses, and other Orthopoxviruses that can infect humans. From the CDC (MMWR).

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SEB (Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B)

  • Fact Sheet on SEB
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis.

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Tularemia

  • Fact Sheet on Tularemia
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis.
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  • History of Tularemia
    Tularemia through the ages and as a biological weapon.
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  • Tularemia Technical Information
    Diagnosis/Evaluation, Treatment, Overviews, Lab Testing, Surveillance and Investigation, and Infection Control. From the CDC.
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  • Tularemia as a Biological Weapon: Medical & Public Health Management
    Consensus methods, History and Potential, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Pathogenesis and clinical..., Diagnosis, Vaccination, Treatment, Postexposure antibiotic, Infection Control, and Environmental Decontamination. Journal of the American Medical Association

Natural Occurrence

  • Tularemia
    Many kinds of domestic and wild animals as well as people can get this disease.
    From the DSHS Zoonosis Control Group.

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Viral Encephalitis

  • Fact Sheet on Viral Encephalitis
    Agent Information, Reporting Requirements for Disease, Infection Control, Incubation Period, Signs/Symptoms, Diagnosis, Vaccines, and Prophylaxis.

Natural Occurrence

  • Encephalitis
    Reporting, Other Sites. From the DSHS Zoonosis Control Group.

 

Note: External links to other sites are intended to be informational and do not have the endorsement of the Texas Department of State Health Services. These sites may also not be accessible to people with disabilities.

Last updated April 25, 2012