The new Texas Center for Infectious Disease (TCID) hospital was designed to provide patients with the care and treatment needed to help curb the resurgence of TB in the United States and reduce the drug-resistance of strains developing worldwide.
Florida and Texas operate special purpose hospitals. Both hospitals are located on larger campuses in which other facilities and programs are located. Other inpatient units with special quality and safety controls and programs for TB inpatients are known to operate as either separately organized units located within larger medical centers or patient units within the organization of large medical centers. Shattuck Center (MA), Harlem Hospital (NYC), a unit within the Chicago Health and Hospital System (IL), a unit within the University of Utah Medical Center, a unit in the Colorado Medical Center in affiliation with National Jewish Health (Denver, CO), a unit in a City of Los Angeles Health and Hospital System medical center (CA), and a unit within the University of California-San Francisco affiliated with the Frances Curry Center are all specially-designated centers. Other units are known to be operated by state or local prison systems within hospitals or units of hospitals contracted or affiliated for the purpose of incarcerated inmate inpatient care and treatment; Texas operates such a unit in Galveston.
This one-of-a-kind facility, is the first free-standing infectious disease hospital built in the United States in more than 50 years. The 60,000 square foot, 75-bed hospital replaces aging facilities on the Texas Department of State Health Services campus in San Antonio. The hospital also will house the Heartland National TB Center, a TB regional training and medical consultation center funded by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Building 501
A patient’s stay with TCID typically ranges from six months to two years, during which the level of isolation required varies. All patient rooms have been designed as airborne infection isolation rooms, with the heating and air conditioning ventilation (HVAC) system designed to allow air pressure in each room to be changed from “negative” to “neutral” when a patient is no longer contagious. This allows patients to remain in the same room throughout their stay, while maximizing energy efficiency. Patient rooms also were designed to be more home-like than a typical hospital room to accommodate long stays.
To address TCID’s special care and treatment needs, specialized engineering and architectural design solutions were implemented to achieve the following goals:
- Support patient treatment and medical care
- Ensure the safety and security of patients and staff
- Maximize energy and operational cost efficiencies
- Incorporate sustainable finishes and mechanical systems that are easy to maintain
Complex infection and isolation protocols for both staff and patients were cost-effectively established and controlled, while achieving an efficient, patient-centered environment that truly enhances the quality of their long-term care.”
Construction began on TCID in February 2009 and was completed within budget and on schedule. A ceremonial ribbon cutting took place on September 22, 2010. TCID.