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    Infectious Disease Prevention Section
    Mail Code: 1927
    PO BOX 149347 - Austin, TX 78714-9347
    1100 West 49th Street, Suite G401
    Austin, TX 78714

    Phone: (512) 776-7676
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Week 4

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Surveillance Reports

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2005-2006 Texas Influenza Surveillance Information

2005-2006 Season Summary

The flu activity level for the week ending January 28, 2006 is widespread. Flu activity has been reported in all regions of the state for the fourth consecutive week.

Reports were received for all 11 Health Service Regions (HSRs) for week 4. An increase in flu activity was reported in HSRs 1, 2, 3 and 7. Activity has remained about the same in HSRs 6/5S, 8, 9/10 and 11. Only HSR 11 reported a decrease in activity. For a map of Health Service Regions, please visit the following website:

Texas Health Service Regions Map

During week 4, culture confirmed influenza A was identified in Bastrop, Bell, Bexar, Brazos, Collin, Coryell, Dallas, Falls, Harris, Hemphill, McLennan, Midland, Scurry, Tom Green, Travis, and Williamson Counties. The majority of flu cultured by the DSHS lab continues to be A/H3N2. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have further characterized the influenza isolates submitted by DSHS as A/California/07/2004-like, which is one of the A components of the current vaccine.

On January 23, 2006, a 9 year-old child from Wilson County was reported as having viral encephalitis possibly due to influenza A. The child was hospitalized with fever, rash, headache, and seizures and was comatose and intubated at the time of the report. A rapid test for influenza indicated flu A. Multiple specimens were tested for a variety of conditions including EBV, parvo, mycobacterium, and arboviruses. A repeat rapid flu test the following day was again positive for influenza A. All other tests were negative. The final diagnosis was "influenza induced viral encephalitis”. By January 26, 2006, the patient was much improved and expected to be discharged the following week.

Round Rock ISD (Williamson County) has reported an outbreak of influenza in its schools; however, no schools have been closed as a result. The University of Texas (Austin campus) has seen a large increase in culture confirmed influenza A (all H3N2) in recent weeks; however, due to the size of the student population, it is unlikely that this indicates an outbreak.

No other institutional outbreaks or school closures have been reported.

For more information on flu surveillance activities in the State of Texas, please visit the following website:

http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/IDCU/disease/influenza/surveillance/Surveillance.aspx

Data from the Sentinel Provider Surveillance Network (SPSN) indicates a slight decrease in influenza-like illness (ILI) from the previous week.

PERCENTAGE OF VISITS FOR INFLUENZA-LIKE-ILLNESS REPORTED BY SENTINEL PROVIDERS IN TEXAS
Week # Reporting Age 0-4 Age 5-24 Age 25-64 Age over 64 Total ILI Total Patients % ILI
2005-46 37 102  142 117 18 379  13824  2.74
2005-47 35 95  119 93 313 10897  2.87
2005-48 43  144  163 128  444  15657 2.83
2005-49 39  118 181 116 418 12894 3.24
2005-50 45  160 268  190 13 631  14410 4.37
2005-51 44 146 149  61  363  7797  4.65
2005-52 39  219  232  363  29  843 10140  8.31
2005-01 40  177  201  297  46  721  11399  6.32
2006-02 54  200  345 258 35  838  14251 5.88
2006-03 44  235 382 273 28  918 11981  7.66
2006-04 56  271 439 280 31  1021 14664 6.96


Percentage of Physician Visits Due to Influenza-Like Illness, Texas Sentinel Providers Surveillance Network 2005-2006 Season
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Statewide Influenza Activity For the Week Ending January 28, 2006 (MMWR Week 4)

Statewide Influenza Activity

*Influenza activity level corresponds to current MMWR week only and does not reflect previous weeks’ activity.

2005-2006 Texas Influenza Surveillance Information - Flu Reports

For the week ending: 
10/15/05, 10/22/05, 10/29/05, 11/05/05, 11/12/05, 11/19/05, 11/26/05, 12/10/05, 12/17/05, 12/24/05, 01/07/06, 01/14/06, 01/21/06, 02/04/06, 02/11/06, 02/18/06, 02/25/06, 03/04/06, 03/11/06, 03/18/06, 03/26/06, 04/01/06, 04/08/06, 04/15/06, 04/22/06, 04/29/06, 05/12/06, 05/19/06, 05/20/06

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Last updated April 22, 2021