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Race-Ethnicity of Texas Veterinarians, 2014

The proportion of Hispanics in the Texas veterinarian workforce is far smaller than the proportion of Hispanics in the Texas population.  Figure 1 confirms that this is the case among Hispanics, African Americans, and 'Other' racial/ethnic categories.  Data on the Texas population comes from the 2014 population projections issues by the Texas State Data Center and data on Texas veterinarians comes from the 2014 health professions files of the Health Professions Resource Center.

Figure 1: Comparison of the racial/ethnic composition of the Texas population and veterinarian workforce.

Figure 1: Comparison of the racial/ethnic composition of the Texas population and veterinarian workforce.

While minorities remain underrepresented in the veterinarian workforce, Figure 2 shows that the proportion of minorities in the workforce has grown over the past 15 years.  Over this period, the number of Hispanics in the workforce has increased by 310% (from 30 to 123) and the percentage of the workforce that was Hispanic increased by 176% (from 0.7% to 1.8%). Among Asians these increases were 289% and 162%, respectively. Among African Americans the respective increases were 718% and 452%.

Figure 2. Percentage of the Veterinarian Workforce by Racial/Ethnic Category.

Figure 2. Percentage of the Veterinarian Workforce by Racial/Ethnic Category.

Furthermore, an examination of Figure 3 reveals that 45.0% of White/Caucasian veterinarians were over 50 years old in 2012 (the most recent year for which HPRC has age data on veterinarians). By comparison, only 14.3% of Hispanics, 10.5% of African Americans, and 7.7% of Asians were over 50 years of age in 2012.

Figure 3. Age Distribution of Texas Veterinarians by Ethnic/Racial Category. 

Figure 3. Age Distribution of Texas Veterinarians by Ethnic/Racial Category.

Despite the incremental improvements in the number of Hispanic and other minority veterinarians, an examination of Table 1 shows that minorities continue to be underrepresented among Texas practitioners graduating over the past 5 and 10 years. 

Table 1. Racial/Composition of Texas Veterinarian Workforce by Date of Graduation from Veterinary School

Racial/Ethnic Category   

Percent of Texas Veterinarians Graduating after 2004  Percent of Texas Veterinarians Graduating after 2009

Asian

0.8% 

1.3%

Black/African American   

2.0%

2.5%

Hispanic/Latino    

2.8%

3.2%

Other

1.8%

1.5%

Unknown

0.1%

0.2%

White/Caucasian    

92.5%

91.3%

Total

100%

100%

Table 2 shows that a higher proportion of White/Caucasian and veterinarians for whom race/ethnicity were unknown were practicing in non-metropolitan areas.

Table 2. Percent of Veterinarians Practicing in Non-Metropolitan Areas by Racial/Ethnic Category

Racial/Ethnic Category                                       

Percent of Veterinarians in Non-Metropolitan Areas

Asian

0.0% 

Black/African American               

3.3%

Hispanic/Latino    

3.3%

Other

0%

Unknown

11.7%

White/Caucasian    

13.9%

Texas

13.2%

Of interest, Figure 4 shows that the gender distribution of veterinarians for most racial/ethnic categories was around 50% female and 50% male.  However among Asian veterinarians, 74.3% were female. Among African American veterinarians, 64.4% were female.

Figure 4. Gender Distribution of Texas Veterinarians by Racial/Ethnic Category.

Figure 3. Age Distribution of Texas Veterinarians by Ethnic/Racial Category

Last updated October 22, 2015