• Contact Us

    Texas Diabetes Prevention & Control Program
    P.O. Box 149347, MC 1945
    Austin, Texas 78714-9347
    1100 West 49th Street
    Austin, TX 78756

    Phone: 512-776-7490
    Fax: 512-776-7408

    Email comments or questions to

About Diabetes

Diabetes Care More than one million Texans have been diagnosed with diabetes and another half million are believed to have undiagnosed diabetes. Risk factors for diabetes include:

  • Member of a high risk group: African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian American
  • Family history of diabetes
  • High or low blood sugar
  • Overweight (over 20% ideal weight)
  • Limited physical exercise
  • Age 45 or older
  • Previous diabetes with pregnancy or you’ve had a baby weighing more than 9 pounds at birth

How to find out if you have diabetes
New guidelines recommend everyone age 45 and older consider being tested for diabetes every three years. People in high risk ethnic groups should be tested at a younger age. You’ll need two different fasting blood sugar (FBS) tests on two different days. If both FBS test results are 126 mg/dl or greater, you have diabetes.

Diabetes is a serious disease
Diabetes can lead to blindness, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, amputations and death. You can prevent or delay complications from diabetes by eating healthy meals, exercising regularly, controlling your weight, monitoring your blood sugar, taking the medicine your doctor prescribes and living a healthy lifestyle.

Love Kidneys Logo 2Resources for People with Diabetes 

The Diabetes Program at the Texas Department of State Health Services compiles a list with contact information for a number of organizations, publications and programs that offer information and assistance for persons with diabetes.

The Texas Diabetes Council promotes diabetes prevention and awareness throughout the state. Free diabetes education materials are available through the Publications and Resources section of this website.

Visit these sites for more information about diabetes:

External links to other sites are intended to be informational and do not have the endorsement of the Texas Department of State Health Services. These sites may also not be accessible to people with disabilities.

National Diabetes Education Program

National Diabetes Education Program

American Diabetes Association

American Association of Diabetes Educators

American Dietetic Association

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Juvenile Diabetes Foundation

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse

Gestational Diabetes

If you had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant, you and your child have a lifelong risk for getting diabetes.

It's Never Too Early to Prevent Diabetes: A Message from the National Diabetes Education Program

The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) and the Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH) are teaming up to remind women who have a history of gestational diabetes about their increased risk for getting diabetes, as well as their child’s increased risk for obesity and diabetes.

Gestational diabetes mellitus, or GDM, is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and affects about 2-10 percent of pregnancies in the United States. Women who have had gestational diabetes should be tested for diabetes 6 to 12 weeks after their baby is born, and at least every 3 years after that.

Women with a history of gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60 percent chance of developing diabetes in the next 10 to 20 years. Additionally, the children of pregnancies where the mother had gestational diabetes may also be at increased risk for obesity and diabetes. Learn more about gestational diabetes at http://ndep.nih.gov/am-i-at-risk/gdm/index.aspx.


Diabetes and Healthy Vision

Diabetic eye disease has no warning signs.  Finding and treating the disease early, before it causes vision loss or blindness, is the best way to control diabetic eye disease.  If you have diabetes, make sure you get a comprehensive dilated eye examination at least once a year. Visit the National Eye Institute's National Eye Health Education Program for more information at http://www.nei.nih.gov/healthyeyes/.

National Eye Institute


Am I at Risk for Kidney Disease?

kidney infographic

You are at risk for kidney disease if you have:kidney risk percentages

  • Diabetes,
  • High blood pressure,
  • Heart disease, or
  • A family history of kidney disease.

You are also at risk if you are:

  • Over 60 years of age
  • African American, or
  • Hispanic

If you have any of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about getting checked for kidney disease.

Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease.

In Texas and the U.S., diabetes is the number one cause of kidney disease and kidney failure. Diabetes damages the small blood vessels of the kidneys, making it difficult for the kidneys to filter out waste and extra fluid from the body. When waste and extra fluid build up in the body, it can lead to many urgent problems, including heart failure, inability to fight off infections, fluid buildup in the lungs, anemia, nerve damage, weakened bones that can easily break, and kidney failure. If you have diabetes, work with your doctor to control it and reduce your risk of kidney disease.

High blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney disease.

Risk factors arnt always obvious videoHigh blood pressure and kidney disease are said to go hand in hand because they often occur together. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is the second leading cause of kidney disease in the U.S. and in Texas. High blood pressure damages the small blood vessels in the kidneys, making it hard for them to filter out harmful waste products and extra fluids. As the kidneys lose their ability to clean the blood, toxins build up in the body, causing life-threatening harm to many organs. High blood pressure can also be a result of having kidney disease. As the kidneys struggle to do their job, more pressure is put on the body’s blood vessels, significantly raising blood pressure. By the time they reach kidney failure, almost all patients also have high blood pressure. Work with your doctor to keep your blood pressure at or below the target set by your doctor.

Heart disease and kidney disease.

Heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases greatly increase the risk of kidney damage. Diseases that affect the kidneys can also damage your heart. That’s why many doctors consider the heart and kidneys to be one connected system. Heart disease and kidney disease share many lifestyle risk factors and clinical signs. If you have heart disease, get checked for kidney disease. And if you have kidney disease, make sure you are checked for heart disease. Prevent, manage, and treat together. Love your heart. Love your kidneys.
If it’s in your family, it could be in your kidneys.
If you have one or more family members who have kidney disease, are on dialysis (machine treatment to help kidneys work), or have had a kidney transplant, you are at higher risk for kidney disease. Be aware of your family history and share it with your doctor.

Other risk factors:

  • Age. The risk of kidney disease generally increases with age. If you are over 60, get checked for kidney disease.
  • Race and Ethnicity. Different racial and ethnic groups are more likely to develop kidney disease. 
    • African Americans are almost four times more likely than Whites to have kidney disease.
    • Hispanics are almost twice as likely as Whites to have kidney disease.
  • Physical Health. If you have any of the following conditions or behaviors, you are also at increased risk. 
    • Obesity
    • Smoking
    • Lack of exercise
    • Poor diet
    • High cholesterol

If you have any of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about getting checked for kidney disease and the steps you should take to protect your kidneys.

Learn more about kidney disease and keeping your kidneys healthy at http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/patients/index.htm

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the leading causes of kidney failure

Prevent FluFlu Information for People with Diabetes

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers advice for people with diabetes on how to avoid the flu and what to do if you get it. Visit flu.gov for more information.

View flu information for people with diabetes at https://www.cdc.gov/flu/diabetes/index.htm.

Last updated June 20, 2018