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    DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    E-mail the HIV/STD Program

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    DSHS strives to respond to all email requests in a timely manner. It is important to note, however, that messages that you send to us by email may not be secure and may be intercepted by a third party. Therefore, we recommend that you do not send any confidential health information to us by email.

Community Assessment Tools and External Resources for Prevention Contractors

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Introduction to Community Assessment Tools

Community assessments typically address one or more of the following areas of concern:

  • Needs of the population
  • Agency capacity to meet the needs of the population
  • Community capacity to meet needs of the population

This webpage provides links to samples of tools used to collect information for these purposes, as well as links to general information about community assessment. In planning for a community assessment, it is not necessary to limit your search for data collection tools to traditional surveys. Observational tools can provide very useful insights into community need, especially when data is collected by people who are very familiar with the community. The “Condom Access Data Collection Form” and “Population Needs Observational Report” are examples of observational tools.

 

Needs of the population

Prevention programs can use population needs assessments to shape their future programming or refined current programming. Assessments of population needs collect the following information:

  • Demographic information (age, race/ethnicity, gender, etc.)
  • Risk behaviors and factors associated with risk (unprotected sex, multiple partners, drug use, etc.)
  • Knowledge of HIV/STD transmission/prevention
  • Services they would like to see in the community
  • Observations of behavior patterns within the daily lives of the target population
  • When, where, and how services are needed to meet the needs of the target population

This information is typically collected in one-on-one interviews, mailed or emailed surveys, and/or focus groups. Focus groups are often used to develop an understanding of issues of greatest importance which are then addressed in a community wide survey. In some cases, before interview/survey data can be collected, respondents must be given some type of informed consent. It can be either spoken or written in form.

 

Agency capacity to meet the needs of the population

Prevention programs can optimize the fit between the resources they have and can build by assessing their capacity to meet the needs for services they identify in the population. Needs include what services are needed, as well as when, where, and how they can be delivered. These assessments can be drawn from the understandings of their staff as well as their clients.

Community capacity to meet the needs of the population

Prevention programs seeking to optimize the efforts by coordinating their work with other programs will benefit from a community wide assessment of programming capacity. This type of assessment could involve one or more of the following:

  • community wide population surveys
  • key informant interviews
  • observations of community sites and resources
  • survey of prevention programs in the community, and a study of attempts to coordinate services across programs, including planning group and task force documents

 

A Note on Sample Tools Provided

The tools provided here have been developed and used by prevention programs in the state of Texas. Rather than simply adopting one, programs would be served well to determine the exact goals of their community assessment and to identify components of these various data collection tools that would help them get the information they seek.

 

Sample Tools

Population Needs

Observation Report Tool (Word : 32 kb)

Personal Risk and Interest (Word : 61 kb)

Personal Risk Survey 1 (Word : 59 kb)

Personal Risk Survey 2 (Word : 33 kb)

Personal Risk Survey 3 (Word : 37 kb)

Personal Risk Survey 4 (Word : 48 kb)

Agency Capacity

Population Access Strategy (Word : 26 kb)

Programmatic Needs Assessment (Word : 131 kb)

Recruitment and Retention Plan (Word : 37 kb)

Community Capacity

Community Assessment Survey (Word : 55 kb)

Key Informant Interview Guide (Word : 35 kb)

Other

Informed Consent for Population Survey (Word : 37 kb)

Focus Group Instructions (Word : 26 kb)

Condom Access Data Collection Form (Word : 31 kb)

 

External Resources for HIV Prevention Programs

Community Assessment & Community Mobilization Resources

CDC: HIV Prevention Community Needs Assessment - www.cdc.gov/hiv/resources/guidelines/herrg/gen-con_community.htm

CDC’s Health Communities Program: “Community Health Assessment and Group Evaluation: Building a Foundation of Knowledge to Prioritize Community Needs” - www.cdc.gov/healthycommunitiesprogram/tools/change.htm

University of Kansas Community Tool Box - ctb.ku.edu/en/

Internet & Social Media Tools

AIDS.gov "New Media Tools" - www.aids.gov/using-new-media/tools/

Webicina: HIV/AIDS & Web 2.0 - www.webicina.com/hiv-and-aids/

National Coalition of STD Directors Internet Guidelines - www.ncsddc.org/Internet_Guidelines

STD Prevention Online - www.stdpreventiononline.org

Promising Interventions & Practices

CDC Diffusion of Effective Behavioral Interventions - www.effectiveinterventions.org/en/Home.aspx | Main: www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/research/prs/prs_rep_debi.htm

CDC Replicating Effective Programs Plus - www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/prev_prog/rep/

Community Preventive Services Task Force thecommunityguide.org | MSM Page: www.thecommunityguide.org/hiv/mensexmen.html

HIV/AIDS Prevention Program Archive - www.socio.com/happa.php

Canadian Best Practice Portal (Health Promotion & Prevention) - cbpp-pcpe.phac-aspc.gc.ca

Tools of Change - www.toolsofchange.com/en/home/ | HIV/AIDS Link: www.toolsofchange.com/en/topic-resources/aids/


Disclaimer: Information posted on this webpage is provided as reference tool for contractors. The content does not necessarily represent the views of The Texas Department of State Health Services nor is it endorsed by DSHS. Contractors are required to obtain the appropriate permissions when replicating or dispersing any materials.


Last updated June 08, 2015