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    Laboratory Services Section
    MC 1947
    PO Box 149347 Austin, TX 78714-9347
    1100 W. 49th Street
    Austin, TX 78756-3199

    Phone: (512) 776-7318
    Fax: (512) 776-7294

    Phone Us Toll Free at:
    (888) 963-7111, ext. 7318

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Laboratory Services Section - Viral Specimen Submission and Selection

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Specimen Submission Criteria (Acceptance / Rejection)

Specimen Types

Virus

Transport and Submission

Influenza Surveillance
(Nasopharyngeal swabs, nasal swabs)

Influenza

Transport cold on ice packs within 72 hours of collection or freeze at - 70° C and ship on dry ice. Please refer to www.texasflu.org for additional specimen submission criteria.

Respiratory

RSV

Transport cold on ice packs within 48 hours of collection.

Respiratory

CSF, Swabs, Fecal Matter, Solid Tissue

Respiratory, Urine

Respiratory, Urine, Saliva, CSF (Viral Isolation, culture)

Throat Swab, Buccal Swab (PCR)

Respiratory, Urine

Respiratory, Urine, Saliva, CSF, Swabs, Tissue

Swabs, Vesicular Fluid

Adenovirus, Parainfluenza1,2,3,4

Enterovirus (Coxsackie B, Echovirus, Entero 71, Coxsackie A9)

Measles

Mumps (Viral Isolation, culture)

Mumps (PCR)

Rubella

CMV(Requires equal volume of 0.4M sucrose phosphate before freezing at - 70° C)
HSV 1,2

Transport cold on ice packs within 48 hours of collection. If specimens will not be received at the laboratory within 48 hours of collection, specimens should be frozen and shipped on dry ice.

Swabs, Vesicular Fluid

Varicella Zoster

Transport cold on ice packs within 12 hours of collection. Specimens that will not be received within 12 hours of collection should be frozen and shipped on dry ice.

 
 
Viral Specimen Selection Based on Clinical Symptoms

Clinical symptoms

Common etiological agent

Clinical source of specimen for isolation or identification

Cardiac

(Pleurodynia,pericarditis, myocarditis)

Coxsackie B virus

Throat, nasopharyngeal (NP), stool or rectal swab

CNS

(Encephalitis, meningitis)

Enterovirus

  • Coxsackie A or B virus
  • Echovirus
  • Poliovirus

Stool, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), throat

Mumps virus

Throat, CSF, urine

HSV

Brain biopsy, throat, CSF

Congenital and perinatal

CMV

Throat, urine

Enterovirus

Throat, stool or rectal swab

HSV

Throat, CSF, vesicular fluid

Rubella virus

Throat, CSF, urine

Conjunctivitis

(Keratoconjunctivitis)

Adenovirus

Conjunctival swabs or scrapings

HSV

Conjunctival swabs or scrapings

Cutaneous and mucocutaneous membrane lesions

Vesicular

Enterovirus

Vesicle fluid

HSV

Vesicular fluid or scrapings at base of lesion

Poxvirus

Vesicle fluid, please call (512) 458-7594
(888) 963-7111 ext. 7594 toll free

VZV

Vesicular fluid or scrapings at base of lesion

Clinical symptoms

Common etiological agent 

Clinical source of specimen for isolation or identification

Cutaneous and mucocutaneous membrane lesions

Maculopapular

Enterovirus

Throat, stool or rectal swab

Measles virus

Throat, respiratory secretions, urine

Rubella virus

Throat, respiratory secretions, urine

Gastrointestinal infection

Calicivirus

Stool or rectal swab, PCR only

CMV

Rectal swab, colon biopsy

Rotavirus

Stool, please call (512) 458-7594
(888) 963-7111 ext. 7594 toll free

Genital lesions

HSV

Vesicle fluid or scraping from lesion, endocervix, exocervix, or vulva

Parotitis

Mumps virus

Saliva, throat, urine

Parainfluenza virus

Throat, NP

Respiratory

Adenovirus

Throat, NP

CMV

BAL, urine

Enterovirus

Throat, NP

HSV

Throat

Influenza virus

Throat, NP

Parainfluenza virus

Throat, NP

RSV

Throat, NP

Rhinovirus

Throat, NP

Undifferentiated febrile illness

CMV

Urine

Dengue virus

Serum, please call (512) 458-7594
(888) 963-7111 ext. 7594 toll free

Enterovirus

Throat, stool or rectal swab

Urinary tract infection

Adenovirus

Urine, stool or rectal swab, throat

 

 

Last updated January 17, 2014