Visual Expectations

Child's Age: Birth to
Expected Behavior: Pupils react identically to light changes, Blinks at sudden light or object moving toward face, Looks at people (faces) and objects momentarily or longer
Expected Completion: Birth

Child's Age: 1 to 2 months
Expected Behavior: Stares at people or objects, Responds to people's faces, Eyes follow a moving person or near object, Seeks lighted areas
Expected Completion: 2 mos.

Child's Age: 2 to 3 months
Expected Behavior: Inspects own hands, Eyes follow an object 180 degrees, Demands light for vision
Expected Completion: 3 mos.

Child's Age: 3 to 4 months
Expected Behavior: Eyes move in active inspection of body, people, toys, surroundings, Looks at objects placed in hand (beginning eye-hand coordination), Inspects own hands
Expected Completion: 4 mos.

Child's Age: 4 to 5 months
Expected Behavior: Smiles in response to familiar adult, Reaches for objects at least 1 foot away, Notices small food objects at least 1 foot away
Expected Completion: 5 mos.

Child's Age: 5 to 6 months
Expected Behavior: Eyes move together all the time, Brings objects to mouth, looks at them, then looks into space, Smiles at or pats mirror image
Expected Completion: 6 mos.

Child's Age: 6 to 8 months
Expected Behavior: Picks up or touches small objects with "raking" motion, Searches for hidden objects, Shows color preference for reds and yellows, Looks for dropped toys
Expected Completion: 8 mos.

Child's Age: 8 to 10 months
Expected Behavior: Notices details of an object such as facial features on a doll, holes in a pegboard, geometric shapes, Reaches for string
Expected Completion: 10 mos.

Child's Age: 10 to 12 months
Expected Behavior: Understands and accomplishes vision, related motor tasks such as stacking blocks, puffing pegs into round holes, crawling, standing, walking
Expected Completion: 12 mos.

Child's Age: 1 to 2 years
Expected Behavior: Identifies geometric forms by placing, blocks in appropriately shaped holes, Shows interest in pictures, Scribbles on paper
Expected Completion: 2 yrs.

Child's Age: 2 to 3 years
Expected Behavior: Finds object that move out of sight, without following its path, Recalls visual images, Puts together six-piece puzzles or matches, objects out of six pairs of items
Expected Completion: 3 yrs.

Child's Age: 3 to 4 years
Expected Behavior: Copies geometric figures, Reading readiness present - responds to vision/speech-sound coordination, activities like the television programs "Sesame Street" and "Electric Company"
Expected Completion: 4 yrs.

Child's Age: 4 to 5 years
Expected Behavior: Recognizes names or colors
Expected Completion: 5 yrs.

Child's Age: 5 to 6 years
Expected Behavior: Tells the difference in color shades, Depth perception fully developed, Vision approaches adult's
Expected Completion: 6 yrs.

If a child cannot perform at least two of the age-level tasks by the expected completion age, that child should be taken to an eye specialist for examination.


Last updated February 22, 2021