More than one million Texans have been diagnosed with diabetes and another half million are believed to have undiagnosed diabetes. Risk factors for diabetes include:
- Member of a high risk group: African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian American
- Family history of diabetes
- High or low blood sugar
- Overweight (over 20% ideal weight)
- Limited physical exercise
- Age 45 or older
- Previous diabetes with pregnancy or you’ve had a baby weighing more than 9 pounds at birth
How to find out if you have diabetes
New guidelines recommend everyone age 45 and older consider being tested for diabetes every three years. People in high risk ethnic groups should be tested at a younger age. You’ll need two different fasting blood sugar (FBS) tests on two different days. If both FBS test results are 126 mg/dl or greater, you have diabetes.
Diabetes is a serious disease
Diabetes can lead to blindness, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, amputations and death. You can prevent or delay complications from diabetes by eating healthy meals, exercising regularly, controlling your weight, monitoring your blood sugar, taking the medicine your doctor prescribes and living a healthy lifestyle.
Resources for Individuals with Diabetes
The Diabetes Program at the Texas Department of State Health Services compiles a list with contact information for a number of organizations, publications and programs that offer information and assistance for persons with diabetes.
The Texas Diabetes Council promotes diabetes prevention and awareness throughout the state. Free diabetes education materials are available through the Publications and Resources section of this website.
Visit these sites for more information about diabetes:
External links to other sites are intended to be informational and do not have the endorsement of the Texas Department of State Health Services. These sites may also not be accessible to people with disabilities.
National Diabetes Education Program
American Diabetes Association
American Association of Diabetes Educators
American Dietetic Association
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Juvenile Diabetes Foundation
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse
If you had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant, you and your child have a lifelong risk for getting diabetes.
The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) and the Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH) are teaming up to remind women who have a history of gestational diabetes about their increased risk for getting diabetes, as well as their child’s increased risk for obesity and diabetes.
Gestational diabetes mellitus, or GDM, is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and affects about 2-10 percent of pregnancies in the United States. Women who have had gestational diabetes should be tested for diabetes 6 to 12 weeks after their baby is born, and at least every 3 years after that.
Women with a history of gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60 percent chance of developing diabetes in the next 10 to 20 years. Additionally, the children of pregnancies where the mother had gestational diabetes may also be at increased risk for obesity and diabetes. Learn more about gestational diabetes at http://ndep.nih.gov/am-i-at-risk/gdm/index.aspx.
Information for Healthy Vision
Diabetic eye disease has no warning signs. Finding and treating the disease early, before it causes vision loss or blindness, is the best way to control diabetic eye disease. If you have diabetes, make sure you get a comprehensive dilated eye examination at least once a year. Visit the National Eye Institute's National Eye Health Education Program for more information at http://www.nei.nih.gov/healthyeyes/.
Am I at Risk for Kidney Disease?
You are at risk for kidney disease if you have:
- High blood pressure,
- Heart disease, or
- A family history of kidney disease.
If you have any of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about getting tested for kidney disease and the steps you should take to protect your kidneys.
Learn more about kidney disease and keeping your kidneys healthy at http://lovekidneys.com/ and http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/patients/index.htm
Flu Information for Persons with Diabetes
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers advice for persons with diabetes on how to avoid the flu and what to do if you get it. Visit flu.gov for more information. Information specific to persons with diabetes is found at http://www.flu.gov/individualfamily/healthconditions/diabetes/index.html