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    DSHS HIV/STD Program

    Post Office Box 149347, MC 1873
    Austin, Texas 78714

    Phone: (512) 533-3000

    DSHS strives to respond to all email requests in a timely manner. It is important to note, however, that messages that you send to us by email may not be secure and may be intercepted by a third party. Therefore, we recommend that you do not send any confidential health information to us by email.

Hepatitis D Fact Sheet

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HDV
OTHER NAMES HDV (Hepatitis D Virus)
ORGANISM Virus: hepatitis D
TRANSMISSION Hepatitis D can be transmitted from person to person through sexual contact, sharing intravenous needles and syringes, razors, or toothbrushes. The virus also can be passed to a baby during pregnancy or delivery.
INCUBATION Twenty one to ninety days
TYPICAL SYMPTOMS May have no symptoms (especially young children). Some persons have mild flu-like symptoms, dark urine, light stools, jaundice, fatigue, and fever.
DIAGNOSIS Blood test.
TREATMENT There is no reliable, effective therapy specifically for chronic hepatitis D. The hepatitis D virus is only infectious in the presence of the hepatitis B virus, so treatment is for hepatitis B.
PREVENTION The hepatitis D virus can only infect those also infected with hepatitis B. The hepatitis B vaccine can prevent hepatitis D from being infectious. Avoid sexual intercourse and sharing needles and syringes. Practice safer sex. Do not share personal items that may be contaminated by body fluids, such as razors and toothbrushes.
DANGER Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis is three to five times more likely in persons with hepatitis B and D than with hepatitis B alone.
COMMENTS Hepatitis D infects on average 4% of acute hepatitis B cases.

DSHS Electronic Publication Number E13-11895


Last updated February 23, 2011