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    Infectious Disease Control Unit
    Mail Code: 1960
    PO BOX 149347 - Austin, TX 78714-9347
    1100 West 49th Street, Suite T801
    Austin, TX 78714

    Phone: 512 776 7676
    Fax: (512) 776-7616


    E-mail

week 9

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Surveillance

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Influenza Influenza
(Flu)
ICD-9 487; ICD-10 J10,11
Related Topics: Protecting Yourself During the Cold and Flu Season, Avian Flu, Vaccine Preventable Diseases, Asthma and SARS
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2005 - 2006 Texas Influenza Surveillance Information

The flu activity level for the week ending March 4, 2006 is widespread. Flu activity was reported in all regions of the state.

Reports were received from all 11 Health Service Regions (HSRs) for week 9. An increase in flu activity was reported only in HSR 8. Activity remained about the same in HSRs 2/3, 6/5S, 7, and 9/10. A decrease in flu activity was reported in HSRs 1, 4/5N, and 11. For a map of Health Service Regions, please visit the following website:

http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/regions/state.shtm

During week 9, culture confirmed influenza A was identified in Bell, Brazos, Coryell, Dallas, Harris, McLennan and Williamson Counties.

A new strain of influenza A named, A/Wisconsin/67/2005-like (H3N2), has been identified from an isolate submitted to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) by the DSHS laboratory in January 2006. The specimen was collected from a resident of Travis County in December 2005. A/Wisconsin/67/2005 is an antigenic variant, which evolved from A/California/07/2004. An A/Wisconsin/67/2005-like virus was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be included as the H3 component for the 2006-2007 Northern Hemisphere vaccine formulation.

The majority of isolates submitted to CDC by the DSHS lab for further characterization continue to be identified as A/California/07/2004-like (H3N2), which is the H3 component of the current vaccine. A second strain of influenza A named, A/New York/55/2004-like (H3N2), was identified earlier in the season in a resident of Bell County. It has since been identified in a resident of Dallas County. A/New York/55/2004-like (H3N2) is antigenically equivalent to A/California/07/2004-like (H3N2).

Culture confirmed influenza B was identified in Brazos, Dallas, Harris, McLennan, and Travis Counties during week 9. Results on four of the influenza B isolates submitted to CDC by the DSHS lab have come in and indicate that three of the isolates are B/Florida/07/2004-like and one isolate is B/Ohio/01/2005-like. Influenza B viruses currently circulating can be divided into two antigenically distinct lineages represented by B/Yamagata/16/88 and B/Victoria/2/87 viruses. B/Florida/07/2004 is a minor antigenic variant of B/Shanghai/361/2002 and B/Ohio/1/2005 is antigenically equivalent to B/Malaysia/2506/2004.

Overall, the number of flu specimens submitted to the DSHS lab continues to decrease.

Only one influenza outbreak was reported during week 9 in a high school in Erath County (HSR 3).

For more information on flu surveillance activities in the State of Texas, please visit the following website:

http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/influenza/surveillance/

Data from the Sentinel Provider Surveillance Network (SPSN) indicates a decrease in influenza-like illness (ILI).


PERCENTAGE OF VISITS FOR INFLUENZA-LIKE-ILLNESS REPORTED BY SENTINEL PROVIDERS IN TEXAS

Week

# Reporting

Age 0-4

Age 5-24

Age 25-64

Age over 64

Total ILI

Total Patients

% ILI

2005-49

39

118

181

116

3

418

12894

3.24

2005-50

45

160

268

190

13

631

14410

4.37

2005-51

44

146

149

61

7

363

7797

4.65

2005-52

39

219

232

363

29

843

10140

8.31

2006-01

40

177

201

297

46

721

11399

6.32

2006-02

55

229

359

269

36

893

15487

5.76

2006-03

47

297

399

287

28

1011

13520

7.47

2006-04

69

331

469

304

42

1146

18518

6.18

2006-05

64

282

420

265

44

1011

17853

5.66

2006-06

67

278

375

230

27

910

18375

4.95

2006-07

62

239

358

207

33

837

18270

4.58

2006-08

62

242

371

233

37

883

16668

5.29

2006-09

49

182

257

165

21

625

13136

4.75



Percentage of Physician Visits Due to Influenza-Like Illness
Texas Sentinel Providers Surveillance Network
2005-2006 Season

Percentage of Physician Visits Due to Influenza-Like Illness, Texas Sentinel Providers Surveillance Network 2005-2006 Season



Statewide Influenza Activity For the Week Ending March 4, 2006

(MMWR Week 9)
Statewide Influenza Activity

*Influenza activity level corresponds to current MMWR week only and does not reflect previous weeks’ activity.



Texas Department of State Health Services - Infectious Disease Control Unit
1100 West 49th Street, Suite T801, Mail Code: 1960 PO BOX 149347 - Austin, TX 78714-9347
(512) 458-7676 - Fax: (512) 458-7616 - E-Mail

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Last updated December 10, 2010